Unformatted text preview: ts were interviewed about burnout. – Occurred when they felt that they lacked control over their lives and could not develop, explore, or nurture nonsport identities. – Burnout took place when stress was high and enjoyment was low. Changing or Ending Sport Participation II Participation
2. Swain and sports retirement.
– Critiqued the notion that retirement was always traumatic for former professional athletes. – Retirement is not an event, but a process. – Viewed retirement with mixed feelings. – Difficult to give up celebrity status. – Many stayed connected to sports. Changing or Ending Sport Participation III Participation
3. Wheeler and changing personal investments.
– Studied athletes with disabilities. – Withdrawing from sports presented them with challenges. – Retirement often came suddenly. – Those who hoped that they might play again experienced the most difficulties. The Consequences of Involvement The
Do sports build character? Sports socialization has positive effects when it provides: 1. Opportunities for exploring and developing identities apart from playing sports. 2. Knowledgebuilding experiences that go beyond the locker room and the playing field. The Consequences of Involvement II Involvement
3. New relationships especially with people outside the sport. 4. Explicit examples of how sports lessons can be applied to other settings. 5. Opportunities to display competence in nonsport activities. Involvement in sports can restrict opportunities. The Consequences of Involvement III Involvement
Do sports improve health...
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