Sports and socialization

Sports and socialization

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Unformatted text preview: Sociology 399 Sociology Sport and Socialization Central Topics Central 1. The process of becoming involved in sport. 2. The process of changing or ending sport participation. 3. The impact of being involved in sports. Socialization Socialization Socialization is a process of learning and development through interaction with others and the environment more generally. As we have already noted in Mead’s analysis of the social self, socialization is not a one­way street. We make decisions about the socialization we undergo. Functionalism Functionalism Functionalists tend to adopt an “internalization model”. That is, they examine how we are affected by the agents of socialization: – Family. – Peers. – Education. – Media. Functionalism II Functionalism Functionalists focus on the importance of “significant others”. It is common for functionalists to generate survey data. These are like snapshots. If enough of these snapshots are taken, it can approximate film or video. – People who have an important impact upon the development of a person’s social self. Conflict Theory Conflict Also use an internalization model. They are interested in ways that economic organization affects participation, as well as the consequences of such participation. There are few conflict studies on this topic, and they offer “fuzzy snapshots” of what is occurring. Becoming and Staying Involved Becoming 1. 2. 3. Functionalist theory has found three factors related to participation in sports: Abilities, characteristics, and resources. The influence of significant ot...
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