Restructuring in Japanese
Recent Transformational Studies in
ed. by S.J. Keyser. Cambridge, Mass.:
"Case Marking in Japanese:
Preliminary Study". MIT, ms.
"Comments on the Papers on Generative Syntax". In
Generative Grammar and Language Acquisition: A Report on Recent Trends in
Otsu et al. Tokyo: International Christian University.
Ongin of Phase Structure.
Doctoral dissertation, MIT.
Alternative to Restxucturing in Romance Syntax". Paper
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On the Relationship of the Lexicon to Syntax.
Three Notes on Syntactic Movement in
This paper consists of three squibs on issues related to syntactic movement
in Japanese. In the second section, I will discuss scrambling and its inter-
action with the Proper Binding Condition (Fiengo 1977), which requires
that traces be bound at S-structure. In 1977, S.-I. Harada proposed an
analysis of scrambling, assuming that it is not clause-bound. Since then,
various ungrammatical sentences have been cited in the literature as coun-
ter-examples to his analysis. I will show that if scrambling is an S-ad-
junction operation, then one class of those ungrammatical sentences is
ruled out independently by the Proper Binding Condition. In the third
section, I will turn to right-node raising and examine some of its proper-
ties. In particular, I will discuss its interaction with the "complementizer-
deletion" phenomenon, and provide evidence from Japanese for Jaeggli's
(1980) hypothesis that the ECP applies not only at LF but also at PF.
(See also Homstein
lightfoot 1984 for discussion on this hypothesis.)
Finally, in the fourth section, I will discuss topic construction in Japanese.
argue that contrary to the prevailing view, there are instan-
construction that are derived by syntactic movement. This
conclusion implies that Kuroda's (1965) movement analysis of this con-
struction must be maintained, despite the fact that
it fails to account for
all instances of this construction. Before I start the discussion of the
topics mentioned above, I
briefly go over some facts of scrambling
in the first section.
In this paper, I
assume the so-called T-model of core grammar
(Chomsky 198 1).
This paper is a report of part of the results obtained through the preparatory
work for Saito
where the material in sections
and 4 is discussed in more
detail. I would like to thank Noam Chomsky, Jim Higginbotham, Norbert Hornstein,
Kyle Johnson, Susumu Kuno, Howard Lasnik, Shigeru Miyagawa, Luigi Rizzi, and
Mike Rochemont for valuable comments on an earlier version of this paper. I also
benefited from discussion with many other people, including Nigel Fabb, Grant
Goodall, Ken Hale, Morris Halle, Nobuko Hasegawa, Hajime Hoji, Yuki Kuroda,
Kiyoko Masunaga, and Haj Ross.