Saito87_scr_clean - 300 Restructuring in Japanese Chapter 9...

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300 Restructuring in Japanese Rizzi, L. 1978. "A Restructuring Rule". In Recent Transformational Studies in European Languages, ed. by S.J. Keyser. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. Saito, M. 1982. "Case Marking in Japanese: A Preliminary Study". MIT, ms. Saito, M. 1983. "Comments on the Papers on Generative Syntax". In Studies in Generative Grammar and Language Acquisition: A Report on Recent Trends in Linguistics, ed. by Y Otsu et al. Tokyo: International Christian University. Stowell, T. 1981. Ongin of Phase Structure. Doctoral dissertation, MIT. Strozer, J. 1980. "An Alternative to Restxucturing in Romance Syntax". Paper piesented at the Tenth Anniversary Linguistic Symposium onRomanceLanguages, University of Washington, Seattle. Whitman, J. "Confugurationality Parameters". Harvard University, ms. Zubizaneta, ML. 1982. On the Relationship of the Lexicon to Syntax. Doctoral dissertation, MIT. Chapter 9 Three Notes on Syntactic Movement in Japanese* Mamoru Saito 0. INTRODUCTION This paper consists of three squibs on issues related to syntactic movement in Japanese. In the second section, I will discuss scrambling and its inter- action with the Proper Binding Condition (Fiengo 1977), which requires , . that traces be bound at S-structure. In 1977, S.-I. Harada proposed an analysis of scrambling, assuming that it is not clause-bound. Since then, various ungrammatical sentences have been cited in the literature as coun- ter-examples to his analysis. I will show that if scrambling is an S-ad- . junction operation, then one class of those ungrammatical sentences is ruled out independently by the Proper Binding Condition. In the third section, I will turn to right-node raising and examine some of its proper- ties. In particular, I will discuss its interaction with the "complementizer- deletion" phenomenon, and provide evidence from Japanese for Jaeggli's (1980) hypothesis that the ECP applies not only at LF but also at PF. (See also Homstein & lightfoot 1984 for discussion on this hypothesis.) Finally, in the fourth section, I will discuss topic construction in Japanese. There, I will argue that contrary to the prevailing view, there are instan- ces of this construction that are derived by syntactic movement. This conclusion implies that Kuroda's (1965) movement analysis of this con- struction must be maintained, despite the fact that it fails to account for . . all instances of this construction. Before I start the discussion of the topics mentioned above, I briefly go over some facts of scrambling in the first section. In this paper, I assume the so-called T-model of core grammar (Chomsky 198 1). * This paper is a report of part of the results obtained through the preparatory work for Saito (1985), where the material in sections 2 and 4 is discussed in more detail. I would like to thank Noam Chomsky, Jim Higginbotham, Norbert Hornstein, Kyle Johnson, Susumu Kuno, Howard Lasnik, Shigeru Miyagawa, Luigi Rizzi, and Mike Rochemont for valuable comments on an earlier version of this paper. I also benefited from discussion with many other people, including Nigel Fabb, Grant Goodall, Ken Hale, Morris Halle, Nobuko Hasegawa, Hajime Hoji, Yuki Kuroda, Kiyoko Masunaga, and Haj Ross.
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2010 for the course LING 341 taught by Professor Masyayoshida during the Fall '10 term at Northwestern.

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Saito87_scr_clean - 300 Restructuring in Japanese Chapter 9...

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