Civil Liberties and Civil Rights part 2 - Nov 18

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights part 2 - Nov 18 - Chapter...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 4, part 2 Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Civil Liberties v Civil Rights CIVIL LIBERTIES are protections of citizens from unwarranted government action. CIVIL RIGHTS describe governments responsibility to protect citizens. Civil Rights Whereas civil liberties concern those things that governments cannot do to citizens, civil rights involve citizens appealing to the government to protect them from other citizens, social actors, or some aspect of the government itself. Civil Rights are legal or moral claims for protection that citizens are entitled to make upon the government. Legal Constitutionalism Definition: interpreting the constitution to reflect different values at different periods in history. This is important because it allows judges to adapt the constitution to different situations through customs and usages (greater flexibility). Protection for African Americans Three constitutional amendments were aimed at providing protection for African Americans Thirteenth Amendment (1865) Fourteenth Amendment (1868) Fifteenth Amendment (1870) The 13 th Amendment (1865) Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Abolishes slavery The 14 th Amendment (1868) All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. Equal protection clause and dual citizenship The 15...
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Civil Liberties and Civil Rights part 2 - Nov 18 - Chapter...

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