Chapter_5_Notes - Chapter 5 The American Revolution From...

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Chapter 5 The American Revolution: From Elite Protest to Popular Revolt, 1763-1783 Introduction : The material in this chapter examines the origins of the American Revolution and the main events that finally led to the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1783 formally recognizing the independence of the United States. At that point, having won the war, the question was, can we also win the peace? In other words, could we actually maintain our existence as an independent nation? From the vantage point of the year 2006, the answer seems obvious, but it was far from obvious at the end of the war. Colonial Society Population of the 13 colonies about 2.5 million in 1776 and made up an amazing diversity of people Population was young, near 60% under age 21 George III America’s last king who came to the throne in 1760 during the French and Indian War A tragic figure, really. Wanted to be a good king but had a poor education and was apparently not overly bright. Suffered for a rare, hereditary blood disease, porphyria, which led to frequent bouts of mental instability. Died blind and insane in 1820. Tragic, as stated. Tried to turn back the clock and rule, as monarchs did before the Glorious Revolution, with few constitutional restraints. He showed little interest in the American colonies George III does not deserve all the blame for the failures of the period The members of Parliament played a major role in driving a wedge between England and the colonies because of their ignorance of conditions in the colonies Virtual representation – The idea supported by many members of Parliament that the members of this body represented the interests of everyone who lived in the British Empire. This idea ridiculed by many Americans Proclamation of 1763 1
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British found themselves faced with a serious Indian rebellion in the Ohio country, Pontiac’s Rebellion (sometimes also called the Conspiracy of Pontiac) The Prime Minister, George Grenville, issued the proclamation. Purpose was to restore relations with the Indians by prohibiting (for the time being) settlement beyond the headwaters of rivers flowing into the Atlantic. ( NOTE : This prohibition did not cause serious problems with the colonists as it was designed to be only a temporary prohibition.) Sugar Act One of the most important actions of this period. Purpose was to help raise money for England by discouraging smuggling and by reducing the tariff duties imposed under the old Molasses Act. If the lower tariffs were actually collected – those imposed by the Molasses Act
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Chapter_5_Notes - Chapter 5 The American Revolution From...

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