Chapter_15_Notes - Chapter 15 Secession and Civil War...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 15 Secession and Civil War Introduction : This chapter deals on the major events leading to the outbreak of the Civil War and then examines some of the more important campaigns of the Civil War. If you desire to do additional reading on the Civil War in the future, two excellent works I would recommend are Battle Cry of Freedom by James M. McPherson, and The Civil War and Reconstruction by J.G. Randall and David Donald. Lincoln: A brief introduction Though he had limited experience as an officeholder before become president, his training as a prairie politician in Illinois was extremely helpful in the years after 1860. Further, Lincoln identified wholeheartedly with the Union cause and he had the ability to inspire others to make sacrifices for the cause. Secession Following Lincoln’s election, seven deep southern states adopted ordnances of secession declaring they were no longer members of the Union. A convention held in Montgomery, AL in February 1861 and organized the Confederate States. Montgomery served as the temporary capital until the capital was later moved to Richmond, VA. In the upper South, the states of Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas did not immediately secede. Leaders there did not consider Lincoln’s election alone to be a sufficient reason for leaving the Union. Failure of Compromise Senator John Crittenden presented to Congress what became known as the Crittenden Compromise: It would extend the Missouri Compromise line to the Pacific coast. Republicans in Congress were not sure how to respond. Lincoln sent word that he opposed this proposal; it would open up the possibility of new slave territories in Latin America, and he did not want to enlarge the domain of slavery. Backing down, he believed, would also be a threat to the concept of majority rule. The Coming of the War
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
In his inaugural address Lincoln pledged to hold on to federal installations not yet in Confederate hands but would not try to take back those that Confederates had already captured. The nation’s attention focused on Ft. Sumter in Charleston harbor, within range of the Confederate batteries on the shore. After much consideration, Lincoln decided to send supplied, but not additional troops to Ft. Sumter and so informed South Carolina authorities. Confederate authorities considered Lincoln’s decision a hostile act and Confederate artillery opened fire on Ft. Sumter on April 12. The fort surrendered on April 13. These were the opening shots of the Civil War. An interesting footnote to history : The Union commander at Ft. Sumter was Major Robert Anderson. Earlier he had taught artillery classes at West Point, and one of his outstanding students was Cadet P.G.T. Beauregard of Louisiana who was now General Beauregard, the Confederate commander at Charleston. Prospects, Plans etc.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/07/2010 for the course HIST 1302 taught by Professor Jones during the Spring '08 term at Richland Community College.

Page1 / 6

Chapter_15_Notes - Chapter 15 Secession and Civil War...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online