CH2 PPT - T heoretical Perspectives M exico DoD photo by:...

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Unformatted text preview: T heoretical Perspectives M exico DoD photo by: SSGT JOHN WIGGINS Sociological Theory is a set of core assumptions and core concepts that examine how societies operate and how people in them relate to one another and respond to their environment. SOCIOLOGY - CHAPTER TWO The three major sociological theories are: Functionalist Conflict Symbolic Interactionist Each theoretical perspective offers a • • • focus vision of society key terms/vocabulary • central question to guide analysis The United States shares a 1,952 - mile 1,952 border with Mexico Border Fence 22 m s of fe across C ile nce alifornia 361 m s of fe across Arizona ile nce 315 m s of fe fromC ile nce olum Ne Me to Brownsville bus, w xico , Te xas 1. 2. United States 3. Mexico Pacific Ocean Atlantic Ocean 1. Annexed by U.S. in 1845 2. Annexed by U.S. in 1848 3. Purchased by U.S. in 1853 Prote cting U.S Borde . rs U.S C . ustom and Borde Patrol Vide (CPB) s r o www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/newsroom/video/ photo by Gerald L. Nino DoD photo by: PH2 M. C. FARRINGTON U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Master Sgt. David H. L ipp U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Master Sgt. David H. L ipp What aretheinte d and uninte d conse nce of nde nde que s a borde fe f or Me and theUnite S s? r nce xico d tate Who be fits fromtheborde fe and at whose ne r nce e nse xpe ? What m aning do theaffe d partie attach to the e cte s borde fe ? r nce Functionalist Theory: An Overview Focus Orde and S r tability (and disruptions to orde and r stability) S mof inte late parts yste rre d Vision of Society Key Terms Function, dysfunction, manifest, and latent Central Question 1. Why doe a part e s xist? 2. What aretheinte d and nde uninte d conse nce of nde que s a part? Anticipated Anticipated order & stability consequences Anticipated disruptive consequences 1 Unanticipated order & stability consequences 2 Unanticipated disruptive consequences 3 4 U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Master Sgt. David H. Lipp A decrease in the number of illegal immigrants apprehended crossing the now-fenced area of the border from Mexico into heavily populated areas on the U.S. side U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Master Sgt. David H. Lipp Cooperation between Mexican and U.S. officials in launching the Border Safety Initiative Program to prevent injuries and fatalities of those crossing the desert and other rough terrain to enter the United States Tomas Castelazo Fatalities along the border as illegal immigrants seek to enter the United States through the desert and other inhospitable terrain U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Master Sgt. David H. Lipp Some ranchers, farmers, and sport fishers are denied access to the Rio Grande River (The river, which runs for 1,254 miles and serves as a natural border between Texas and Mexico, is used for watering herds, crop irrigation, and fishing) Conflict Theory: An Overview Focus C onflict ove scarceand value r d re source s Vision of Society Dom inant and subordinate groups in conflict ove scarce r and value re d source s Key Terms Me of production, f açadeof ans le gitim , bourge , acy oise prole tariat Who be fits froma particular ne patte or social arrange e rn m nt and at whosee nse xpe ? Central Question Bourgeoise Those who own the means of production and purchase labor Proletariat Those who owns nothing of the production process except their labor I lle borde crossings arem gal r otivate by these d arch for adde valuet o labor. d Froma conflict point of vie w undocum nte borde crossings arethere of ed r sult (1) theMe xican m igrants e fforts to cross unde cte and (2) assistancefrom te d e ploye landlords, sm m rs, uggle and re rs lative on both side of theborde s s r. Façade of legitimacy Façade A n explanation that members in dominant groups give to justify their exploitive action nce r r • Main purposeof thefe and othe borde control strate s is to pe tuateinte gie rpe rnational ine qualitie in social wage s s. . fe r nforce e to m nt • U.S politicians pre rs borde e confronting thesupport for undocum nte ed m igration in inte socie rior ty The reality shows . . . • sharp numerical quotas on entering the U.S. legally • ease of U.S. citizen entry into Mexico. • free movement of commodities • free movement of investment and recovery of profit from that investment • the only restriction is on the free movement of labor National Archives and Records Administration Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division National Archives and Records Administration Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Symbolic I nteractionist Theory: An Overview Focus Vision of Society Key Terms S ocial I nte raction We of social inte b raction; S ocial inte raction, share m anings, inte tation de rpre What m anings do pe attach e ople t o the own and othe actions? ir r’s Central Question Web of social interaction To unde rstand and analyzesocial inte ractions, sym bolic inte ractionists areconce d with the rne f ollowing topics (1) se lf-aware ss ne (2) sym bols, and (3) ne gotiate re d ality. Self-awareness During inte raction, pe im ople aginehow othe arevie rs wing t he actions, e ir valuating the appe ir arance attaching , m aning to the m e ir otive and inte ting the words. s, rpre ir Symbol Any kind of physical phe e nom non—a word, obje color, ct, sound, fe ling, odor, a pie of je lry, a facial e ssion, e ce we xpre a ge sture or a bodily m m nt —to which pe assign a , ove e ople nam , m aning, or value ee Negotiated social order thesumtotal of theorganization's rule and policie along s s, with whate r agre m nts, unde ve ee rstandings, pacts, contracts, and othe working arrange e e e be e the r m nts” m rge twe n involve partie d s. BP photo by James R. Tourtellotte ...
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