CH9 LECTURE - Chapter Nine Lecture Outline I Why Focus on...

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Chapter Nine Lecture Outline I. Why Focus on the Global Story of Race and Ethnicity in the United States? A. The peopling of the U.S. is a global story. 1. It involved the European conquest of Native American peoples, the annexation of Mexican territory, along with many of its inhabitants (who lived in territories that are now New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, California, and Texas), and an influx of voluntary and involuntary immigrants from practically every part of the world. 2. The U.S. government established a racial and ethnic classification scheme that applied to all who lived in and immigrated to the United States. For example, the 2,000 distinct Native American groups that spoke seven different families of languages were placed in a single category: “Indian.” II. Race and Ethnicity A. Core Concept 1: The concepts of race and ethnicity cannot be understood apart from systems of racial and ethnic classification. B. Race is not a biological fact. 1. Parents from different racial categories can produce offspring. a. The offspring are mixtures of the two categories and, therefore, cannot be placed in just one category. b. In the U.S., children of mixed parentage are almost always classified as belonging to the race of just one parent, in effect treating the other parent’s race as irrelevant. C. Race - a vast collectivity of people more or less bound together by shared and selected history, ancestors, and physical features 1. These people are socialized to think of themselves as a distinct group. 2. They are regarded by others as a distinct group. 3. It is the social significance assigned to sharing certain “selected” physical features, such as coarse or straight hair; dark or light skin; and oval, round, or almond-shaped eyes, which are believed to belong to certain broad categories of ancestors, such as Africans, Europeans, Asians, and Native Americans. 4. The social significance of race is also a product of emphasizing or feeling connected to a history shared by a certain broad category of ancestors who were commonly forced by laws and other social practices to become socially distinct from other broad categories of ancestors. D. Ethnicity - people who share, believe they share, or are believed by others to share a national origin, a common ancestry, a place of birth, distinctive concrete social traits (such as religious practices, style of dress, body adornments, or written language), or socially important physical characteristics (such as skin color, hair texture, or body structure) E. Systems of racial and ethnic classification - processes that divide people into racial or ethnic categories that are implicitly or explicitly ranked on a scale of social worth
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1. Most societies have established a set number of racial and ethnic categories and have established rules for systematically placing people in those categories.
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