CH10 PPT - Gender Photo Credit: Lance Cpl. R. Drew...

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Unformatted text preview: Gender Photo Credit: Lance Cpl. R. Drew Hendricks American Samoa -- A biological conce de rm d on thebasis of pt te ine primary sex characteristics. -- Anatom traits e ntial t o ical sse re production. Secondary Sex Characteristics Physical traits not e ntial to sse re production. • Quality of voice ast ve e • Bre De lopm nt • Distribution of facial body hair ke tal • S le form and A social distinction base on culturally conce d and d ive le d ide about appropriate arne as appearance behavior mental or emotional characteristics for m s and f e ale . ale ms Photo, page 270 here of the ideal male Thephysical, be havioral, and m ntal e or e otional traits m believed t o be characte ristics of males. Photo here of ideal female, page 270 of text Thephysical, be havioral, and m ntal e or e otional traits m believed t o be characte ristics of females. GENDER • Gender is idealized. • Gender is an i de a standard against which al real cases can be compared. A gender ideal is at best a caricature, in that it exaggerates the characteristics that make someone the so-called perfect male or female. V ery few people achieve a gender ideal; even those who do cannot usually sustain it, if only because they age. I n fact, such ideals may be so difficult to achieve that they may not exist in reality. U.S. norms specify that women remove hair from… Cheeks Underarms Breasts Abdome n Pubic or bikini line Legs Toes Eyebrows Above the lip Chin Arms and hands Thighs to distinguish themselves from men. Ofte weattributediffe nce be e n re s twe n m s and fe ale to biology, whe in fact ale ms n t he arem like to besocially cre d. y ore ly ate Most pe do not re ople alizethat m n and e wom n work to appe and bem e ar ore “m asculine or “fe inine than the arein ” m ” y re ality. Am pe s that go nake as am anim thediffe nce ong ople d, ong als, re be e these s is le acce twe n xe ss ntuate than in our clim s. d ate Thanks to our cincture and corse wehavesucce de in m s ts ed aking an artificial be out of wom . . . Wecare ing an. fully ke p he in a er stateof ne rvous we ss and m akne uscular infe riority, and in guarding he fromfatigue wetakeaway fromhe possibilitie of r , r s de lopm nt. Thus m le on a bizarreide of sle rne . . . ve e ode d al nde ss our wom n havenothing in com on with us [m n], and this, e m e pe rhaps, m not bewithout gravem and social ay oral disadvantage s. “On Tahiti, the breezes from forest and sea strengthen the lungs, they broaden the shoulders and hips. Neither men nor women are sheltered from the rays of the sun nor the pebbles of the sea-shore. Together they engage in the same tasks with the same activity. . . . There is something virile in the women and something feminine in the men.” Quiz Questions 1. In American Samoa, 90 percent of those in construction trades are a. b. c. d. male. female. immigrants. minorities. Quiz Questions • ANS: A • PG: 267 • TY P: knowledge • SOURCE: new Quiz Questions 1. __________ is a biological concept, whereas __________ is a social construct. a. b. c. d. Gender; sex Sexuality; gender Sex; chromosomal sex Sex; gender Quiz Questions • ANS: D • PG: 269 • TY P: comprehension Quiz Questions 1. To the ideal waistline of 13-18 inches, women have worn corsets and even had their lower ribs removed. This situation suggests that a. gender ideals do not exist in reality, but that does not stop people from trying to achieve them. b. Chinese women (more than other nationalities of women) will do anything to achieve an ideal. c. gender ideals are realistic standards that women can meet. d. gender ideals are biologically based realities. Quiz Questions • ANS: A • PG: 268 • TY P: application • SOURCE: new Quiz Questions 1. An elementary school student is asked, “How would your life be different if you were a member of the opposite sex?” He replies, “I would have to shave my whole body.” His response implies that he thinks in terms of a. b. c. d. feminist principles. gender polarization. a biological model of sex differences. gender convergence. Quiz Questions • ANS: B • PG: 273 • TY P: application Quiz Questions 1. Sociologists find gender a useful concept because a. people of the same sex look and behave in uniform ways. b. a society’s gender expectations are central to people’s lives whether they conform rigidly or resist. c. people vary in the extent to which they meet their society’s gender expectations. d. ideas about appropriate behavior for males and females do not change. Quiz Questions • ANS: B • PG: 274 • TY P: comprehension Quiz Questions 1. Football was introduced to the island in 1969, after _____________________ decided that public schools should field football teams. a. b. c. d. a Samoan government official the U.S. president the Samoan president a U.S. government official Quiz Questions • ANS: D • PG: 282 • TY P: knowledge Quiz Questions 1. Which statement would sociologists that are focusing on structural constraints use to explain gender differences? a. A person’s position in a social structure can channel behavior in sex-appropriate directions. b. Children’s toys figure prominently in the socialization process. c. There is a close correspondence between primary sex characteristics and athletic capability. d. Gender inequalities have a physical basis. Quiz Questions • ANS: A • PG: 284 • TY P: comprehension Quiz Questions 1. Men comprise approximately _______ percent of the workforce engaged in nursing, home health, teaching preschoolers, and taking care of children. a. b. c. d. 1 10 40 50 Quiz Questions • ANS: A • PG: 284 • TY P: comprehension • SOURCE: new Quiz Questions 1. Which one of the following countries bans openly gay men and lesbians from serving in the military? a. b. c. d. Italy South Africa the United States Israel Quiz Questions • ANS: C • PG: 287 • TY P: comprehension • SOURCE: new Quiz Questions 1. Ethgender refers to a. people who share or are believed to share the same race, sex, and ethnicity. b. people who have the same legal relationship with a political entity. c. people who are naturalized citizens of a state. d. women who share the same ethnicity. Quiz Questions • ANS: A • PG: 292 • TY P: comprehension Polling Questions 1. What is your sex? a. Male b. Female Polling Questions 1. I am preoccupied with my appearance. a. b. c. d. Strongly agree Agree Disagree Strongly disagree Polling Questions 1. I am always counting calories. a. b. c. d. Strongly agree Agree Disagree Strongly disagree Polling Questions 1. I have to exercise everyday. a. Y es b. No Polling Questions 1. I weight myself at least once a day. a. Y es b. No Polling Questions 1. My family is concerned or has expressed concerns that I eat too little. a. Y es b. No Polling Questions 1. I am always on a diet. a. Y es b. No Polling Questions 1. At what age did you first remember dieting? a. b. c. d. e. f. Never dieted Six years of age or younger Seven to 10 years of age 10 to 13 years of age 14 to 17 years of age 18 or older Polling Questions 1. I use or have used laxatives to control by weight. a. Y es b. No Polling Questions 1. I use or have used diet pills to control my weight. a. Y es b. No Polling Questions 1. I have forced myself to throw up after eating. a. Y es b. No Polling Questions 1. I have taken drugs to improve my muscle tone. a. Y es b. No Polling Questions 1. The media has a negative impact on the way I feel about my appearance. a. b. c. d. Strongly agree Agree Disagree Strongly disagree Polling Questions 1. After watching TV I tend to feel negative about my appearance. a. b. c. d. Strongly agree Agree Disagree Strongly disagree Polling Questions 1. After reading a popular magazine I feel negative about my appearance. a. b. c. d. Strongly agree Agree Disagree Strongly disagree Polling Questions 1. I wear uncomfortable shoes (too small, too narrow) such that my feet hurt. a. Y es b. No Polling Questions 1. I spent too much money on products to make myself look good. a. b. c. d. Strongly agree Agree Disagree Strongly disagree ...
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