Constitution - U.S. Constitution Patrick Brandt U.S....

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Unformatted text preview: U.S. Constitution Patrick Brandt U.S. Constitution Patrick Brandt U.S. Constitution Patrick Brandt U.S. Constitution Patrick Brandt Basis of Government Founding of America government involved choices over the social contract that would be used to organize society. Why do we need a government / social contract? Protect the peace. Protect individual liberty, rights, and welfare. Provide public goods. Provide particular goods that markets do not. U.S. Constitution Patrick Brandt Social Contracts To solve the problems that are bigger than individuals and not adequately handled by markets, we can implement a social contract . What is the social contract? The social contract is a transactional arrangement between the members of society. It is an agreement to surrender the right to use pure violence or sanctions so that there may be order in society. The social contract establishes the rules which are used to organize society and government. U.S. Constitution Patrick Brandt What types of rules may be specified? Each type of rule may be one of several types: Rule Types Description Positions / Boundaries Who can exercise power? Action What actions are permissible? Authority Who decides? Aggregation How do individual actions interact? Scope What can be decided? Information Who knows what? Payoffs Who benefits from choices? U.S. Constitution Patrick Brandt Examples of Rules Rule Types Example Position Legislators and Constituents Boundary Legislators cannot be executives Authority Legislators cannot pass ex post laws Aggregation Legislators are selected by majority rule Scope Legislators can only make laws that affect their constituents. Information Legislators can issue subpoenas Payoff Voters may receive public goods. U.S....
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Constitution - U.S. Constitution Patrick Brandt U.S....

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