Federalism - Introduction to Federalism GOVT 2302:...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Federalism GOVT 2302: Federalism Patrick Brandt Before we begin . . . I Exam 1 is coming up I Given in class I 80-90 questions I the majority taken from the earlier quizzes, I balance from lectures. I Need scantron form # 882-E (available at UTD bookstore for $0 . 30) I If you do not bring a form, you cannot take the test, no exceptions. What is Federalism? Federalism is the system of government in which at least two levels of government share governing over the same people and territory. Compare to Confederalism: where each unit is equal and they rule jointly (e.g., Articles of Confederation; the Confederate States of America). Why federalism? Had tried confederalism under the Articles and it did not work. Needed to sort out shared and overlapping powers of the state and national governments. Did this with federalism and national government supremacy in the Supremacy Clause of Article IV. Benefits of Federalism I The value of time and place information in differentiating the functions of government and the exercise of power. I Local government specialization can better deal with some problems (e.g., water, schools, police, public health) I Creates overalpping layers of governance that can address different issues. This allows for multiple republics. Founders and federal? I Founders used the same term to describe the government under the Articles of Confederation and the new Constitution . I Need to understand what the terms mean so we can see what form of government is put into place to solve various collective action and public policy problems. Origin of federalism? Look back to the founding documents, generally Federalists 9 and 39. These were written by different authors: I Federalist No. 9: Hamilton I Federalist No. 39: Madison Federalist No. 9 Hamilton states how the advances in the science of politics have discovered many new things about the...
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Federalism - Introduction to Federalism GOVT 2302:...

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