Politics, Institutions, Incentives, Collective Action and Strategy

Politics, Institutions, Incentives, Collective Action and Strategy

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Unformatted text preview: What is Government? Politics, Institutions, Incentives, Collective Action, and Strategy Patrick Brandt Outline The Why and What of Government Social Contracts Problems of Social Organization Contracts and Constitutions What is Government? Politics, Institutions, Incentives, Collective Action, and Strategy GOVT 2302 Patrick Brandt What is Government? Politics, Institutions, Incentives, Collective Action, and Strategy Patrick Brandt Outline The Why and What of Government Social Contracts Problems of Social Organization Contracts and Constitutions 1 The Why and What of Government Definition (again) Variation in Governments: Publics and Governance 2 Social Contracts 3 Problems of Social Organization Collective Action Problems Agenda Setting and Choice Rules Agency and Delegation 4 Contracts and Constitutions What is Government? Politics, Institutions, Incentives, Collective Action, and Strategy Patrick Brandt Outline The Why and What of Government Definition (again) Variation in Governments: Publics and Governance Social Contracts Problems of Social Organization Contracts and Constitutions Why Government? Observation 1: Left to their own devices, people are not very nice to each other. This is one rational for rules. Observation 2: Thomas Hobbes in the Leviathan notes that the basic state of nature for man is ”poor, solitary, nasty, brutish and short.” Observation 3: People have trouble engaging in collective action. What is Government? Politics, Institutions, Incentives, Collective Action, and Strategy Patrick Brandt Outline The Why and What of Government Definition (again) Variation in Governments: Publics and Governance Social Contracts Problems of Social Organization Contracts and Constitutions What we need from government • Rules • Rational decision-making • Security, protection of property • Public Goods In the end, government serves as an agent of collective action for these things. What is Government? Politics, Institutions, Incentives, Collective Action, and Strategy Patrick Brandt Outline The Why and What of Government Definition (again) Variation in Governments: Publics and Governance Social Contracts Problems of Social Organization Contracts and Constitutions Two-edged sword? Efforts to deal with societal ills (those things that result from individually rational actions!) leads us to question the nature and organization of government. Thus, government is a two-edged sword. It helps us out of the “state of nature” but leaves us vulnerable to losing our liberty in the process. What is Government? Politics, Institutions, Incentives, Collective Action, and Strategy Patrick Brandt Outline The Why and What of Government Definition (again) Variation in Governments: Publics and Governance Social Contracts Problems of Social Organization Contracts and Constitutions Definition Government is an organization that possesses legitimate means of coercion in a society There are three main parts to the definition. What is Government?...
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2010 for the course GOVT 2302 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '08 term at Richland Community College.

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Politics, Institutions, Incentives, Collective Action and Strategy

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