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ionization+fraction -...

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pH-pKa α1 -3 0.9990 0.0010 -2 0.9901 0.0099 -1.9 0.9876 0.0124 -1.8 0.9844 0.0156 -1.7 0.9804 0.0196 -1.6 0.9755 0.0245 -1.5 0.9693 0.0307 -1.4 0.9617 0.0383 -1.3 0.9523 0.0477 -1.2 0.9406 0.0594 -1.1 0.9264 0.0736 -1 0.9091 0.0909 -0.95 0.8991 0.1009 -0.9 0.8882 0.1118 -0.85 0.8762 0.1238 -0.8 0.8632 0.1368 -0.75 0.8490 0.1510 -0.7 0.8337 0.1663 -0.65 0.8171 0.1829 -0.6 0.7992 0.2008 -0.55 0.7801 0.2199 -0.5 0.7597 0.2403 -0.45 0.7381 0.2619 -0.4 0.7153 0.2847 -0.35 0.6912 0.3088 -0.3 0.6661 0.3339 -0.25 0.6401 0.3599 -0.2 0.6131 0.3869 -0.15 0.5855 0.4145 -0.1 0.5573 0.4427 -0.05 0.5288 0.4712 0 0.5000 0.5000 0.05 0.4712 0.5288 0.1 0.4427 0.5573 0.15 0.4145 0.5855 0.2 0.3869 0.6131 0.25 0.3599 0.6401 0.3 0.3339 0.6661 0.35 0.3088 0.6912 0.4 0.2847 0.7153 0.45 0.2619 0.7381 α 0 -3 -2 -1 0 1 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 ionization fractions pH - pKa alpha
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0.5 0.2403 0.7597 0.55 0.2199 0.7801 0.6 0.2008 0.7992 0.65 0.1829 0.8171 0.7 0.1663 0.8337 0.75 0.1510 0.8490 0.8 0.1368 0.8632 0.85 0.1238 0.8762 0.9 0.1118 0.8882 0.95 0.1009 0.8991 1 0.0909 0.9091 1.1 0.0736 0.9264 1.2 0.0594 0.9406 1.3 0.0477 0.9523 1.4 0.0383 0.9617 1.5 0.0307 0.9693 1.6 0.0245 0.9755 1.7 0.0196 0.9804 1.8 0.0156 0.9844 1.9 0.0124 0.9876 2 0.0099 0.9901 3 0.0010 0.9990
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pKa = 7.5 Ka = 3.16E-08 pH {H+} α1 0 1 1.00E+00 3.16E-08 0.1 0.79 1.00E+00 3.98E-08 0.2 0.63 1.00E+00 5.01E-08 0.3 0.5 1.00E+00 6.31E-08 0.4 0.4 1.00E+00 7.94E-08 0.5 0.32 1.00E+00 1.00E-07 0.6 0.25 1.00E+00 1.26E-07 0.7 0.2 1.00E+00 1.58E-07 0.8 0.16 1.00E+00 2.00E-07 0.9 0.13 1.00E+00 2.51E-07 1 0.1 1.00E+00 3.16E-07 1.1 0.08 1.00E+00 3.98E-07 1.2 0.06 1.00E+00 5.01E-07 1.3 0.05 1.00E+00 6.31E-07 1.4 0.04 1.00E+00 7.94E-07 1.5 0.03 1.00E+00 1.00E-06 1.6 0.03 1.00E+00 1.26E-06 1.7 0.02 1.00E+00 1.58E-06 1.8 0.02 1.00E+00 2.00E-06 1.9 0.01 1.00E+00 2.51E-06 2 0.01 1.00E+00 3.16E-06 2.1 0.01 1.00E+00 3.98E-06 2.2 0.01 1.00E+00 5.01E-06 2.3 0.01 1.00E+00 6.31E-06 2.4 0 1.00E+00 7.94E-06 2.5 0 1.00E+00 1.00E-05 2.6 0 1.00E+00 1.26E-05 2.7 0 1.00E+00 1.58E-05 2.8 0 1.00E+00 2.00E-05 2.9 0 1.00E+00 2.51E-05 3 0 1.00E+00 3.16E-05 3.1 0 1.00E+00 3.98E-05 3.2 0 1.00E+00 5.01E-05 3.3 0 1.00E+00 6.31E-05 3.4 0 1.00E+00 7.94E-05 3.5 0 1.00E+00 1.00E-04 3.6 0 1.00E+00 1.26E-04 3.7 0 1.00E+00 1.58E-04 3.8 0 1.00E+00 1.99E-04 3.9 0 1.00E+00 2.51E-04 4 0 1.00E+00 3.16E-04 α 0 1 2 3 a0 a1
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4.1 0 1.00E+00 3.98E-04 4.2 0 9.99E-01 5.01E-04 4.3 0 9.99E-01 6.31E-04 4.4 0 9.99E-01 7.94E-04 4.5 0 9.99E-01 9.99E-04 4.6 0 9.99E-01 1.26E-03 4.7 0 9.98E-01 1.58E-03 4.8 0 9.98E-01 1.99E-03 4.9 0 9.97E-01 2.51E-03 5 0 9.97E-01 3.15E-03 5.1 0 9.96E-01 3.97E-03 5.2 0 9.95E-01 4.99E-03 5.3 0 9.94E-01 6.27E-03 5.4 0 9.92E-01 7.88E-03 5.5 0 9.90E-01 9.90E-03 5.6 0 9.88E-01 1.24E-02 5.7 0 9.84E-01 1.56E-02 5.8 0 9.80E-01 1.96E-02 5.9 0 9.75E-01 2.45E-02 6 0 9.69E-01 3.07E-02 6.1 0 9.62E-01 3.83E-02 6.2 0 9.52E-01 4.77E-02 6.3 0 9.41E-01 5.94E-02 6.4 0 9.26E-01 7.36E-02 6.5 0 9.09E-01 9.09E-02 6.6 0 8.88E-01 1.12E-01 6.7 0 8.63E-01 1.37E-01 6.8 0 8.34E-01 1.66E-01 6.9 0 7.99E-01 2.01E-01 7 0 7.60E-01 2.40E-01 7.1 0 7.15E-01 2.85E-01 7.2 0 6.66E-01 3.34E-01 7.3 0 6.13E-01 3.87E-01 7.4 0 5.57E-01 4.43E-01 7.5 0 5.00E-01 5.00E-01 7.6 0 4.43E-01 5.57E-01 7.7 0 3.87E-01 6.13E-01 7.8 0 3.34E-01 6.66E-01 7.9 0 2.85E-01 7.15E-01 8 0 2.40E-01 7.60E-01 8.1 0 2.01E-01 7.99E-01 8.2 0 1.66E-01 8.34E-01 8.3 0 1.37E-01 8.63E-01 8.4 0 1.12E-01 8.88E-01
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8.5 0 9.09E-02 9.09E-01 8.6 0 7.36E-02 9.26E-01 8.7 0 5.94E-02 9.41E-01 8.8 0 4.77E-02 9.52E-01 8.9 0 3.83E-02 9.62E-01 9 0 3.07E-02 9.69E-01 9.1 0 2.45E-02 9.75E-01 9.2 0 1.96E-02 9.80E-01 9.3 0 1.56E-02 9.84E-01 9.4 0 1.24E-02 9.88E-01 9.5 0 9.90E-03 9.90E-01 9.6 0 7.88E-03 9.92E-01 9.7 0 6.27E-03 9.94E-01 9.8 0 4.99E-03 9.95E-01 9.9 0 3.97E-03 9.96E-01 10 0 3.15E-03 9.97E-01 10.1 0 2.51E-03 9.97E-01 10.2 0 1.99E-03 9.98E-01 10.3 0 1.58E-03 9.98E-01 10.4 0 1.26E-03 9.99E-01 10.5 0 9.99E-04 9.99E-01 10.6 0 7.94E-04 9.99E-01 10.7 0 6.31E-04 9.99E-01 10.8 0 5.01E-04 9.99E-01 10.9 0 3.98E-04 1.00E+00 11 0 3.16E-04 1.00E+00 11.1 0 2.51E-04 1.00E+00 11.2 0 1.99E-04 1.00E+00 11.3 0 1.58E-04 1.00E+00 11.4 0 1.26E-04 1.00E+00 11.5 0 1.00E-04 1.00E+00 11.6 0 7.94E-05 1.00E+00 11.7 0 6.31E-05 1.00E+00 11.8 0 5.01E-05 1.00E+00 11.9 0 3.98E-05 1.00E+00 12 0 3.16E-05 1.00E+00 12.1 0 2.51E-05 1.00E+00 12.2 0 2.00E-05 1.00E+00 12.3 0 1.58E-05 1.00E+00 12.4 0 1.26E-05 1.00E+00 12.5 0 1.00E-05 1.00E+00 12.6 0 7.94E-06 1.00E+00 12.7 0 6.31E-06 1.00E+00 12.8 0 5.01E-06 1.00E+00
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12.9 0 3.98E-06 1.00E+00 13 0 3.16E-06 1.00E+00 13.1 0 2.51E-06 1.00E+00 13.2 0 2.00E-06 1.00E+00 13.3 0 1.58E-06 1.00E+00 13.4 0 1.26E-06 1.00E+00 13.5 0 1.00E-06 1.00E+00 13.6 0 7.94E-07 1.00E+00 13.7 0 6.31E-07 1.00E+00 13.8 0 5.01E-07 1.00E+00 13.9 0 3.98E-07 1.00E+00 14 0 3.16E-07 1.00E+00
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pKa1 = 6.3 Ka1 = 5.01E-07 pKa2 = 10.3 Ka2 = 5.01E-11 pH {H+} α1 α2 0 1 1.00E+00 5.01E-07 2.51E-17 0.1 0.79 1.00E+00 6.31E-07 3.98E-17 0.2 0.63 1.00E+00 7.94E-07 6.31E-17 0.3 0.5 1.00E+00 1.00E-06 1.00E-16 0.4 0.4 1.00E+00 1.26E-06 1.58E-16 0.5 0.32 1.00E+00 1.58E-06 2.51E-16 0.6 0.25 1.00E+00 2.00E-06 3.98E-16 0.7 0.2 1.00E+00 2.51E-06 6.31E-16 0.8 0.16 1.00E+00 3.16E-06 1.00E-15 0.9 0.13 1.00E+00 3.98E-06 1.58E-15 1 0.1 1.00E+00 5.01E-06 2.51E-15 1.1 0.08 1.00E+00 6.31E-06 3.98E-15 1.2 0.06 1.00E+00 7.94E-06 6.31E-15 1.3 0.05 1.00E+00 1.00E-05 1.00E-14 1.4 0.04 1.00E+00 1.26E-05 1.58E-14 1.5 0.03 1.00E+00 1.58E-05 2.51E-14 1.6 0.03 1.00E+00 2.00E-05 3.98E-14 1.7 0.02 1.00E+00 2.51E-05 6.31E-14 1.8 0.02 1.00E+00 3.16E-05 1.00E-13 1.9 0.01 1.00E+00 3.98E-05 1.58E-13 2 0.01 1.00E+00 5.01E-05 2.51E-13 2.1 0.01 1.00E+00 6.31E-05 3.98E-13 2.2 0.01 1.00E+00 7.94E-05 6.31E-13 2.3 0.01 1.00E+00 1.00E-04 1.00E-12 2.4 0 1.00E+00 1.26E-04 1.58E-12 2.5 0 1.00E+00 1.58E-04 2.51E-12 2.6 0 1.00E+00 1.99E-04 3.98E-12 2.7 0 1.00E+00 2.51E-04 6.31E-12 2.8 0 1.00E+00 3.16E-04 1.00E-11 2.9 0 1.00E+00 3.98E-04 1.58E-11 3 0 9.99E-01 5.01E-04 2.51E-11 3.1 0 9.99E-01 6.31E-04 3.98E-11 3.2 0 9.99E-01 7.94E-04 6.30E-11 3.3 0 9.99E-01 9.99E-04 9.99E-11 3.4 0 9.99E-01 1.26E-03 1.58E-10 3.5 0 9.98E-01 1.58E-03 2.51E-10 3.6 0 9.98E-01 1.99E-03 3.97E-10 3.7 0 9.97E-01 2.51E-03 6.29E-10 3.8 0 9.97E-01 3.15E-03 9.97E-10 3.9 0 9.96E-01 3.97E-03 1.58E-09 α 0 0 0.00 0.10 0.20 0.30
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