Founding of the Delian League•478/77: Many Ionian and island communities joined with Athens in a new military alliance that eventually grew to over 150 cities.•A permanent alliance.•Smaller cities were only assessed tribute.•Not every community joined voluntarily.
Themistokles (ca. 523-459)•Initiated the policy of building a large Athenian fleet. •Led the Athenian navy at Artemisium and Salamis.•One of the first Athenian statesmen to realize that Athens and Sparta were long-term rivals. •He was ostracized sometime in the 470s. •Later, Themistokles was forced to flee his exile in Argos and went to Persia; died as a Persian satrap.
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