Module 8 Terms.docx - Module 8 Terms 1 2 3 4...

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Module 8 Terms1.Blitzkrieg (lightning war) 613:Spring 1940, Germany launched an invasion to the west, after a long, quite lull from invading Poland.Hitler slashed into Denmark & Belgium, finally drove deep into the heart of France.June 10, Mussolini invaded France from the south. June 22, France fell, and Nazi troops marched into Paris.2.Aid to Britain 614:May 16, Roosevelt asks Congress for additional $1B for defense. This was one day after Winston Churchill (new British Prime Minister) sent Roosevelt many requests for armaments. Insisted Britain would not long survive.Some Americans thought aid to Britain was a wasted effort.Roosevelt circumvented cash-and-carry provisions of the Neutrality Acts by giving Britain50 American destroyers in return to build American bases on British territory in the Caribbean.Roosevelt also facilitated the transfer of new airplanes purchased by the American military for sale to the British.3.America First Committee 615:Powerful new isolationist lobbyMembers included Charles Lindbergh, Senators Gerald Nye & Burton Wheeler; joined the debate over American policy toward the war.Lobby had indirect support of a large portion of the Republican Party.4.Lend Lease 615:Enacted by Congress in March 1941.New system for supplying Britain (virtually bankrupt & could no longer meet the cash-and-carry requirements.Would allow the federal gov. not only to sell but also lend or lease armaments to any nation deemed “pivotal to the defense of the United States”.America could funnel weapons to the British on the basis of no more than Britain’s promise to return them when the war was over.Roosevelt persuaded Congress to extend the lend-lease program to the Soviet Union after they were invaded by Germany in 1941.A system that allowed the Franklin Roosevelt administration to lend or lease arms to the British without explicitly violating the Neutrality Acts.
5.Atlantic Charter 615-16:Roosevelt’s meeting with Churchill to issue a statement of shared goals.Aug. 1941, the two nations called for a new world order based on self-determination, economic cooperation, and antimilitarism.Western Atlantic a neutral zone and eligible for patrolling by American ships. By July 1941, the navy was ranging as far east as Iceland. American navy protecting the flow of goods to Europe.6.Japanese Invasion of French Indochina 616:July 1941, Japan marched into French Indochina and seized the capital of Vietnam.Roosevelt admin. responded by making it impossible for the Japanese to buy American oil and by freezing all Japanese assets in the US, severally limiting Japan’s ability to purchase needed American supplies.Japan then eyed the oil-rich Dutch East Indies (Indonesia). US knew and warned Japan against further aggression.

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