Midterm_Phil Sumner - 1 M idterm Correctional Issues in a...

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Midterm 1 Correctional Issues in a Prison Setting Phil Sumner Critical Issues in Corrections Professor Fox March 31, 2009
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Midterm 2 Corrections first started in the United States in 1789 with the Walnut Street Jail. From this point in history the idea of incarceration has taken off with the United States offering over 1,200 state correctional facilities. These state facilities also offer different levels of incarceration a level 1 facility would require the least amount of supervision while a level 5 or even worse a Super Maximum facility would require the most supervision with the least amount of freedom. Inside these institutions inmates are housed by their custody levels or special housing unit needs. Some of the different housing unit populations inside these prisons consist of general population, administrative custody, disciplinary custody, and protective custody. Although most prisons today run as if they were a well oiled machine problems still occur. Staff must know how to deal with the different inmate populations such as males, females, and juveniles. Jail of the past such as Alcatraz were built to punish inmates, prisons today are built to rehabilitate inmates. In this paper I will describe and define the Super Maximum Facility and the purpose that it serves. I will then separate the different inmate populations and describe some of the different problems that may occur with each one of them. I will also describe the different housing unit and inmate classifications that make up our prison society. Next I will go through key medical issues that staff and inmates must deal with every day. I will then explain the different programs offered to inmates to help them rehabilitate and reunite with society. Super maximum facilities are for the worst of the worst offenders. Inmates housed at these facilities often for behavioral reasons could not make it at lower classified institutions. The first known Super Max in the United States was derived from the U.S. Penitentiary in Marion Illinois. This Prison was put on a 23-year lock down that began in 1983 and finally ended in 2006. Although the trend of the United States is to downgrade super maximum facilities one
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Midterm 3 federal institution known as ADX Florence still exists along with many state maximum institutions (Wikipedia, 2009). Inmates that are housed in these types of facilities are not afforded the same privileges that regular inmates would be. While an inmate at a regular facility may experience some sort of freedom while they are out of their cells inmates here are not that lucky. The concept of a super max facility differs from a normal run institution. The theory of a super max facility is solitary confinement and sensory deprivation will bring behavior modification (Lynd, 2006). Prisoners in these facilities are often locked in small cells with virtually no other human contact. These cells look like, and consist of: . Typical cell sized 7ft x 12ft (3.5x2m) with small slit window
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Midterm_Phil Sumner - 1 M idterm Correctional Issues in a...

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