Unit 2 Writing Assignment_Phil Sumner

Unit 2 Writing Assignment_Phil Sumner - 1 Victimology...

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Victimology 1 Victimology Victim Typologies and the Relationship between Criminology and Victimology Phil Sumner Kaplan University Deviance and Violence CJ266 Professor Miles
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Victimology 2 Abstract Criminal activity occurs on a daily basis and is an ongoing problem that society must learn to cope with. Most crimes involve two parties the criminal and the victim. This paper will focus on the five typologies associated with victimization and how these specific typologies affect individuals and the general public. Once the writer has defined these typologies the paper will shift into defining and comparing the similarities and disparities between victimology and criminology. This writer will then better define the similarities and disparities between victimology and criminology by comparing them to a recent news article.
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Victimology 3 Primary Victimization: Primary victimization is the first of five typologies that are defined by Sellin and Wolfgang. Primary victimization is defined as one person or one group that is singled out and victimized (Meadows, 2007, p. 23). In a group setting this can be better understood as a hate crime when a particular race or culture is picked on and harassed that also has crimes committed against them. In 2007 the Federal Bureau of Investigation reported that over nine thousand hate crimes occurred, and of those hate crimes over nine thousand five hundred people were affected. On an individual level this can be better related to domestic abuse where the husband or wife singles out there spouse and commits crimes against them such as rape, physical assault, and verbal assault. According to the (American Bar Association, n.d.) this particular type of victimization affects over 2 million people annually. Secondary Victimization: Secondary victimization generally involves the public and a certain group or business (Meadows, 2007, p. 23). This can be related to a company that tries to pull the wool over the public’s eyes. This can happen when a company or business advertises and markets a certain product that they in fact know will be in effective. Another way that this can be generalized is when a company offers a product with a warranty and then does not back their warranty. An example without the business aspect is a non-profit organization taking money off of the general public to put to good use, and in turn takes it as a profit or uses it as their personal funding. A prime example of this occurred in 2005 when a “Foreign Service National cashier serving at the U.S. in Africa embezzled over two hundred thousand dollars” (U.S. Department of
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Unit 2 Writing Assignment_Phil Sumner - 1 Victimology...

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