Unit 9 final essay _Phil Sumer

Unit 9 final essay _Phil Sumer - Approaches Criminal...

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Approaches Criminal Approaches Phil Sumner Kaplan University Deviance and Violence Professor Miles July 14, 2009
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Approaches Abstract Criminals commit crimes for various reasons some of these reasons can be explained and some cannot. Throughout this paper the writer will discuss the various reasons that can be explained. The writer will go into in depth detail about the social structure theory, social class, social process, neutralization, social control, and labeling. Each of these different theories contributes fact as to why criminals commit the crimes they do. The writer will then discuss the different investigation procedures that entail finding the criminals. The writer will focus on the methods of reactive and proactive investigation procedures and how they contribute to solving crimes.
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Approaches Social Structure Theory: The social structure focuses on people committing crimes that may not have the same advantages as other people. These people cannot achieve the “American Dream” through legal means. The social structure theory often refers to poor people and the fact that they commit more crimes because of their financial situation. This theory states that because of a person racial, ethnic, or subcultures standing that they are blocked from the resources that may help them achieve the so called “American Dream” (Hickey, n.d.). This writer feels that this theory is true to some means. Some people are not lucky enough to be afforded the same opportunities as others. Although this does not make it right some people do commit crimes just because they do not have the resources available to them to get ahead. This theory although partially right does not define all criminals. Some criminals commit crimes without exploring the resources that are available to them just because it’s easier. This theory also does not apply to serial killers. Serial killers do not belong to a certain race or ethnicity and in most cases are not out for financial gain or in search of the “American Dream” (Hickey, n.d.). In most cases serial killers do not kill for the thrill of getting rich they kill for the excitement of killing. Women are the only exception to this clause and they only make up a small portion of serial killers. One case in particular was the Belle Gunnes case form Indiana. Belle would advertise in newspapers for suitors, and then kill them once she had access to their finances (Hickey, n.d.). Women serial killer often do not kill to get rich they often just kill to
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Approaches maintain their present lifestyles. Although this theory may pertain to the common criminal looking to get ahead it does not pertain to serial killers. Social Class Theory: The social class theory is defined as a criminal who commits crimes against or below their own social class (Hickey, n.d.). Criminals as defined by this theory act out against the classes that they feel rejected by. For instance a middle class criminal will commit a crime against a middle or lower class individual for feeling rejected. Serial killers tend to feed off of
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Unit 9 final essay _Phil Sumer - Approaches Criminal...

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