CH 1 - Empiricism Practice based on experiment and...

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    Introducing Research  Methods Methods in Behavioral Research Paul C. Cozby Mayfield Publishing Company
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    Slide show developed by Craig Baker, M.A. California State University, Fullerton
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    Uses of Research Methods Evaluate research reported in the media Many occupations require the use of  research findings (e.g., health,  education, legal, and political) Conducting research
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    Intuition and Authority Problem: biases affect our perceptions  and may lead to erroneous conclusions How do we know if our intuitions are  correct or incorrect? How do we know if an authority’s  conclusions are correct or incorrect?
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    Authority and Intuition Use intuition and authority as guides  and ideas for research Question authority!
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    The Scientific Method The essence of the scientific method is  that all propositions be subjected to an  empirical test
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Unformatted text preview: Empiricism Practice based on experiment and observation The doctrine that all knowledge is derived from sense-experience Two Components of Empirical Approach An idea must be studied under conditions in which it may be either supported or refuted The research is done in a way that can be observed, evaluated, and replicated by others Goals Of Behavioral Science Description of behavior Prediction of behavior Finding causes of behavior Explanation of behavior Basic Research Addresses fundamental questions about the nature of behavior Often tests theories of behavior Applied Research Addresses issues in which there are practical problems and potential solutions Often guided by basic theory and research...
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CH 1 - Empiricism Practice based on experiment and...

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