chap14 - GeneralizingResults ExternalValidity...

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    Generalizing Results
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    External Validity The degree to which the results of  an experiment may be generalized
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    Generalizing to Other  Participants College students White rats
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    College Students College students tend to be: young high in cognitive skill high in need for peer approval and are easy to obtain
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    White rats Rats are hardy, cheap, easy to  rear, and well adapted to laboratory  existence Easy to obtain
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    Volunteers Volunteers differ from  nonvolunteers in that volunteers  tend to be more: social highly educated in need of approval
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    Generalization One way to address generalization  issues is to include relevant participant  variables in the experimental design 
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    Generalization (criticisms) Criticisms of the use of college students  should include valid reasons why the  study’s effects would not be found in  other groups
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chap14 - GeneralizingResults ExternalValidity...

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