1172Summer10studyguide - Geog 1172 I ntroductory M...

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Geog. 1172 -- Introductory Meteorology Final Exam Study Guide Summer 2010 General Instructions: This is the study guide for the final exam you will take on July 19. The questions on the final exam will be identical to these questions, with these exceptions: Section 5 gives sample numbers to use in a graphing problem, and the numbers will be on the actual exam will be different, and in Sections 6, 7, and 8A you are given two possible options, only one of which will be on the actual exam. You will respond to the questions in each of the numbered sections. Note that in sections 8, 9, and 10, you are given two different questions to choose from. Choose and respond to only one question in each of these sections. Be sure to read all questions carefully, and respond fully to each element of the question. Each section is worth up to 10 points. Written responses should use complete sentences and proper paragraph form. Don’t be brief in your responses – you should provide as much explanation and detail as you can in the spaces provided. You may of course illustrate your responses with sketches, maps, graphs, or other diagram as appropriate. Some questions require you to draw graphs or other illustrations. These should be done as neatly and precisely as possible so that your understanding of the topic is clearly communicated. You will have up to two hours to complete the exam.
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1. Definitions For each term below, provide a basic definition as well as an example and/or description of the meteorological significance of the term. Each term is worth 2 points. A. numerical weather forecasting B. latent heat C. advection D. Doppler radar E. polar front
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2. Air Temperature Profile and Stability A) Define atmospheric stability, and explain what determines whether a parcel of air is stable or unstable. B) In the troposphere, the average Environmental Lapse Rate is 6 C degrees per km (or 3.5 F degrees per 1000 feet). Briefly explain why the temperature in the troposphere is typically highest near the earth’s surface, and cools off with altitude. C) The diagram to the right depicts a temperature sounding (the Environmental Lapse Rate) for a particular location. Which layer ( A, B , or C ) is most stable or most unstable (the test will specify which of these) ? ________ D) Explain your choice in part C) above. Your response should relate to the definition of atmospheric stability given in part A).
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3. Air Pressure Profile A) Explain what we are measuring when we measure air pressure in the atmosphere. B) On the blank graph to the right, draw a line depicting the relationship between air pressure and altitude.
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