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Classicism+in+17th+and+18th+c.+England - .England I Inigo...

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Classicism in 17 th  and 18th C. England I. Inigo Jones’ London. Transfer of Renaissance architectural ideas from Italy to England inhibited by geographic distance, absence of royal patronage, and populist anti-Catholic sentiment. Inigo Jones (1573-1652) and his royal patron James I introduce Renaissance classicism to England just as Baroque art is being championed in Rome. The Banqueting House at Whitehall Palace, Westminster (London), 1619-22 by Jones. A medieval building type, the hall, decked out in Palladian forms for royal state occasions. II. Urbanism in 17th Century London. The London Fire of 1666, and reconstruction plans by Christopher Wren (1632-1723) and John Evelyn. Note: similarities of comprehensive planning, restructuring of city, open spaces, rationalization of street system. Both rejected in favor of building codes: the 1667 Act for Rebuilding the City of London. III. Classicism in Wren’s London. The Act of 1670, creating 51 new churches in London, all designed by Wren.
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