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Nature+and+Artifice+in+Feudal+Japan

Nature+and+Artifice+in+Feudal+Japan - stones and moss...

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Nature and Artifice in Feudal Japan I. Elements of Japanese Architecture . Chinese-derived structural system: grid of posts. The tatami mat and the ken grid module: a module based not on a specific unit of measured space, but on a loose spatial unit based on formalized human relationships. II. The Feudal Castle. Feudal Japan: a violent society of warrior-rulers called Shoguns . The introduction of gunpowder and its impact on architectural form in a stringently ritualized society. Himeji Castle , Himeji (Hogo prefecture), ca. 1600. Note: donjon ( tensu ), relationship to living quarters and town, role in the rituals of warfare. III. Rusticity -- nature in Japanese architecture; garden culture and its sources. A. Shinto religion and an animistic view of nature. B. The Zen dry garden . Zen, a form of Chinese Buddhism introduced to Japan, 11th C. Ryoanji monastery garden, Kyoto, ca. 1500. Note: materials -- raked gravel,
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Unformatted text preview: stones and moss; enclosure; garden view from veranda as a form of meditation. D. The tea ceremony , refined and ritualized by Sen-no-Rikyu (ca. 1520-91); the tea aesthetic ( wabi ) as a meditative exercise and an escape from the aggression and pressure of feudal society, the teahouse and garden approach. D. The stroll garden , meandering pathways create fragmented views, aesthetic based on movement; Katsuru Rikyu IV. The Rustic Palace. Katsura Rikyu , Kyoto, 1605-63, patrons: Princes Toshihito and Noritada. The imperial family’s suburban residence within a walled garden; an abstract and aestheticized version of rural rusticity. Note: Asymmetry and flexibility of interior space, diagonal interior flow of movement, staged views from interior to exterior, shoin rooms, shoji screens, built in furnishings including tokonama niche, ambling garden paths with teahouse as destination....
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