The Architecture of the Ottoman Empire I. Gunpowder Empires. The reorganization of political boundaries and regimes in the Christian and Muslim worlds brought about by the introduction of gunpowder to warfare ca. 1450-1550 II. Ottoman Turkey. The Ottoman Empire takes its name from its first leader, Osman (1281-1324). The era of the empire’s greatest power begins with its conquest of Byzantine Constantinople (now Istanbul ) in 1453 by Mehmet II (r. 1451-81). Later campaigns against Venice and Hungary; Ottoman Empire lasts until 1923. The Ottoman Imperial Capital : Istanbul and its principal palace. Topkapi Saray (‘New Palace’), 15-19th C. note: organization around garden Kiosks (pavilions). Çinili Kiosk (‘Tiled Pavilion’) 1465; note: Persian style. Kiosk of Kara Mustafa Pasha , late-17th C. Note: broad bands of glazing, projecting eaves, open plan, sofa (hall). Ottoman architectural tradition : shaped by exposure to other cultures, the Byzantine church of Hagia Sofia (532-37 AD) as a seminal influence on domed Ottoman mosques built
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