Lesson_07_Commentary - The Generation Gap occurs when older...

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The Generation Gap occurs when older and younger people fail to understand one another due to their different experiences, opinions, habits and overall behavior Parent-Adolescent Conflict G. Stanley Hall (1904) believed in storm and stress Anna Freud (1946) health detachment from parents both researchers made it sound as though it was universal and inevitable that all adolescents rebel against their parents and that all parents and adolescents experience intense conflict for many years studies in the 1960s (which were the first to dispel the stereotype of "storm and stress" found that: 75% of the teens liked their parents, trusted them, and admired them adolescents and their parents agree on many of the most important aspects of their views of life a great majority of adolescents like their parents, trust and admire them parent-adolescent conflict was associated with teen mental health issues recent phone survey showed that 1/5 adolescents reported that a major concern was not having enough time to spend with their parents; 1/10 parents reported same high intensity, frequent angry fighting, is not the normative experience conflict tends to increase the most during early adolescence, up to around age 15 or 16 where it peaks, and then drops off by the end of the high school years Smetana sought to find which contexts showed the greatest amount of difference in perspectives between parents and their adolescents; wanted to determine what areas may cause the greatest amount of conflict measures: both parents and adolescents answered authority-related questions that fell into one of several contexts o moral: contained items related to ethical decisions and values; i.e. taking money or breaking a promise o conventional: included items related to social appropriate types of behaviors; i.e. chores, talking back, allowed to curse o prudential: contained health-related issues; i.e. drink, smoke , have sex o friendship: included items related to choices with friends and peers; i.e. friendship, dating o personal: items were designed to reflect act that only had consequences for the individual; i.e. choosing music, hairstyle, clothing these 24 hypothetical events were presented and then both parents and teen were asked: o legitimacy: can the parents make a rule on this topic? o obligation: is the adolescent obligated to follow the rule made by the parent on this issue even if they don't agree with it?
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Legitimacy in Various Domains: 2nd Time Period (age 15) Overall, both parents and adolescents generally agree that Mom should be able to make a rule on Moral, Conventional, and Prudential issues both parents and adolescents generally agree that parents have less right to make rules regarding Friendships and Personal issues However, note that biggest percentage gap between parents and adolescents is on friendship and personal issues; suggests that these two dimensions have the greatest amount of disagreement
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This note was uploaded on 10/08/2010 for the course PSYCH 412 at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Lesson_07_Commentary - The Generation Gap occurs when older...

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