Fungi - Fungi Eukaryotic, achlorophyllous, never...

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Unformatted text preview: Fungi Eukaryotic, achlorophyllous, never phagotrophic, osmotrophic (absorptive) Mitochondria with flattened cristae Lack an ameboid pseudopodial stage Reproduce sexually and asexually Facultative lifecycles Morphologically distict Cell walls containing chitin and beta-glucans Unicellular or filamentous Flagella, when present, without retronemes Saprobic, mutualistic, or parasitic Fungi Production of a chitinous cell wall Radical invention (Cavelier-Smith) Forced shift from phagotrophy to osmotrophy Enables translocation Enables chemotropism (vs chemotaxis) Fungi Four Major Phyla Classified by sexual state Ascomycota (ascomycetes); 32,739 spp. Basidomocota (basidiomycetes); 29,914 spp. Zygomycota (zygomycetes); 1088 spp. Chytridiomycota (chytridiomycetes); 914 spp. 200,000 - 1,000,000 probable species Mycology True fungi Oomycetes (pseudofungi, lower fungi) Chromista Fungi (eumycota) vs fungi Mycetozoans (slime molds) Acellular slime molds Cellular slime molds Protozoa Oomycetes Saprolegnia sp. Fungi Thallic Somatic Organization Thallophyte: plants having no stem, roots, or leaves Thallus The vegetative body of a thallophyte Used to designate somatic organization of a fungus Thallophytes Macroalgae Fungal Thalli Fungi Somatic Organization Somatic structures...
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This note was uploaded on 10/09/2010 for the course MCB 3020C taught by Professor Safranek during the Summer '10 term at University of Central Florida.

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Fungi - Fungi Eukaryotic, achlorophyllous, never...

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