population notes

population notes - TopicVIPopulation Required Chapter 6...

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Topic VI – Population Required: Chapter 6
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Introduction Population growth and development: Relationship between population growth and living standards? Impact on labour markets? Impact on poverty? Effect on health care and education? Is population growth a ‘bad’ thing? What is the macroeconomic relationship? What is the microeconomic relationship?
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Outline Facts, Measurements and Trends ‘Macro’ theories Malthus Micro theories Policies
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Historically Table 6.1 (p. 275)
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Historically Figure 6.1, p. 276.
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Doubling Time : T=70/p Def : Period that a given population takes to increase by its present size Let population grow at rate p % Let doubling time: T [1+p/100] T =2
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Doubling Time : T=70/p Table 6.2 page 276
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Measurement and Definitions Total Fertility Rate (TFR) : The number of children per woman of child bearing age (15-49 years old) TFR to achieve zero population growth: ~ 2 children per woman Crude Birth Rate per 1000 individuals (CBR) : The number of births per 1000 individuals Comparing CBR difficult if different age structures Ceteris paribus, for two countries with identical CBR, population will grow faster if one country has women bearing children at a younger age than in the other country.
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Measurement and Definitions Crude Death Rate per 1000 individuals (CDR) : The number of deaths per 1000 individuals Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) : The number of deaths of children aged less than one year per 1000 live births
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Measurement and Definitions Life Expectancy : the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period. (Statistics Canada) Youth Dependency Ratio : Proportion of youths (ages 0 to 15) to economically active adults (ages 15 to 64)
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Table 6.3 Fertility Rate for Selected  Countries, 1970 and 2006
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Population Growth—Past, Present, and  Future The Hidden Momentum of Population Growth High birth rates cannot be altered overnight Age structure of LDC populations
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Figure 6.4 Population Pyramids: Ethiopia and  the United States, 2005
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Figure 6.5 The Hidden Momentum of  Population Growth
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The Demographic Transition Stage I: High birthrates and death rates (infant and adult) Stage II: Continued high birthrates, declining death rates Stage III: Falling birthrates and death rates, eventually stabilizing
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Figure 6.6 The Demographic Transition  in Western Europe
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Figure 6.7 The Demographic Transition  in Developing Countries
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