Chapter 6 - Part 2

Chapter 6 - Part 2 - 1 CHAPTER 6 PART 2 The Consequences of...

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1 CHAPTER 6 – PART 2 The Consequences of High Fertility: Some Conflicting Opinions Population growth is not the only, or even the primary, source of low levels of living, eroding self-esteem, and limited freedom in developing nations. However, it would be equally naive to think that rapid population growth in many countries and regions is not a serious intensifier and multiplier of those integral components of underdevelopment. It’s Not a Real Problem Three main arguments 1. The problem is not population growth but other issues 2. Population growth is a false issue deliberately created by dominant rich-country agencies and institutions to keep LDCs in their underdeveloped, dependent condition 3. For many developing countries and regions, population growth is in fact desirable. The real problem not population growth but one or all of these four issues. .. 1. Underdevelopment If correct strategies are pursued and lead to higher levels of living, greater self esteem and expanded freedom, population will take care of itself. This argument has underdevelopment as the real problem and development should be the only goal. With development will come economic progress and social mechanisms that will more or less automatically regulate population growth and distribution. 2. World Resource Depletion and Environmental Destruction Population can only be an economic problem in relation to the availability and utilization of scarce natural and material resources. Developed countries (less than ¼ of the world’s population) consume almost 80% of the world’s resources. Developed nations should curtail their excessively high consumption standards instead of asking less developed nations to restrict their population growth. The high fertility in developing countries is due to low levels of living, which are largely the result of the overconsumption of scarce resources by the rich. 3. Population Distribution Many regions of the world are viewed as underpopulated in terms of available or potential resources. Others simply have too many people concentrated in too small an area. Governments should therefore strive not to moderate the rate of population growth but rather to reduce rural-urban migration and to bring about a more natural spatial distribution of the population in terms of available land and other productive resources. 4. Subordination of Women Their inferior roles, low status, and restricted access to birth control are manifested in their high fertility. If women’s health, education and economic well-being are improved along with their role and status in
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This note was uploaded on 10/09/2010 for the course ECON 313 taught by Professor Iforget during the Spring '10 term at McGill.

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Chapter 6 - Part 2 - 1 CHAPTER 6 PART 2 The Consequences of...

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