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18, 19, 20 - Human Rights, Security, and Development

18, 19, 20 - Human Rights, Security, and Development -...

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Theme 4: Human Rights, Security, and Development Conflict, development and aid by Tim Unwin - US-led military forces and UK-led military forces try to improve the capacity of the government to rule in Afghanistan. So it enables reconstruction and development take place. - In Sudan, it is estimated that more than 400 000 people have been killed in the genocide in Darfur. - War and conflict are commonplace – one of the central features of human existence - Understanding the war and conflict is important to achieve ‘development’ because people across the world, conflict and violence are part of their lives - The idea of war implies conflict and the acceptance of people being killed - A peace keeping operation in one person[s mind is often seen as a repressive act of violence to somebody else ex. Ongoing military interventions in Iraq and Afghanistan - Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) subdivided the majority of post- 1945 conflicts other than those associated with decolonization into 3 categories 1) Inter-state conflicts generally rare phenomena (ex. Gulf War between the US-led coalition and Iraq 2) Internal conflicts most frequent category of conflict in post-1945 period. Involve disputes over control of government by an armed opposition (often with the intervention of external powers) 3) State formation conflicts involving non-government forces seeking to secede or change the constitutional status of territory (ex. Conflicts in Chechnya during late 1990s) - The introduction of the term ‘complex political emergencies’ or CPEs expression of conflicts which combined some or all of the following: conflict within and across state boundaries, political origins, protracted duration, social cleavages and predatory social formations. - Contemporary conflicts are no events with clear beginning and ends, but are an element of a broader process of social change turbulent, discontinuous Result of combinations of contingent factors - Defining warfare and conflict is needed because it is something that is endemic to human society. - The peaceful expectations of a new millennium were shattered because of a direct result of US global interventionist policy. - After 9/11 in 2001, President Bush vowed that the USA ‘will not permit the world’ s most dangerous regimes to threaten us with the world’s most destructive weapons’ – and then he acclaimed war. - Far from being a ‘peace dividend’, the 90s and early 2000s witnessed increasing political instability and fragmentation across many areas of the world, with little sign of their abatement. - SIPRI reported that there are 17 major internal armed conflicts across the world in 2005 - The rhetoric of peace and the reality of war remain very far apart in international diplomacy - The increased attention that has been paid to governance agendas gives rise to some hope that these issues are indeed being addressed both by the governments or poor countries and also
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