4, 5, 6 - The UN and other Multilateral Actors in Development

4, 5, 6 - The UN and other Multilateral Actors in Development

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 #4,5,6 The United Nations Reading from the Course pack World is becoming a global village where many problems are showing no respect for national borders. Today there are around 70 multilateral organizations and 2,300 international agreements. Development has long been a common cause for multilateral action: Multilateral aid accounts for 30-40% of all aid originating from Western governments. Multilaterilsm refers to arrangements among three or more states, commonly for peaceful purposes over extended periods. There are certain rules governing international relations and thanks to these rules, powerful players in global capitalism have gained and consolidated their advantages, including their means of influencing economic and political change in non-western areas. The United Nations System The UN would be open to all but it would reflect the strategic, economic and political preferences of the United States. However it was at the same time often used as a geo-strategic instrument for a few countries. It did not always obey to the wishes of the US; indeed it has often been a forum for non- Western countries to resist Western pressures. After the WWII, as UN membership grew and tilted the General Assembly balance towards the non-Western world, new issues emerged on the UN agenda and expanded the scopes of the agency's work. Many times, Western nations bypassed laws of the UN or instead of sending the UN blue helmets, opted for pursuing their interest in bilateral or unilateral ways. In terms of development ideas by the end of the 20 th century, the UN and its agencies had fallen to a fourth or fifth-ranked status, well below the WB, WTO or the IMF. Giving rise to multilateral organizations after WWII was a widespread optimism about what modern science and management methods could accomplish. The idea was to allow neutral professionals to define the problems and get on with the job of solving them. In the first article of the UN Charter, the purpose of the UN is: “to achieve international cooperation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouriging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all” There are two categories of UN agencies: i) specialized agencies – they have their own charters and act independently of the UN. State members may withdraw their membership as they wish. The WB and the IMF are an example. The second main category is the one of programs or funds: they are direct arms of the United Nations itself and are thus answerable to the General Assembly. Unlike specialized agencies their funding is through voluntary contributions. They therefore face financial incentives to perform well. Agencies
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/09/2010 for the course INTD 200 taught by Professor .. during the Fall '09 term at McGill.

Page1 / 5

4, 5, 6 - The UN and other Multilateral Actors in Development

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online