1 - The Millennium Development Goals Report

1 - The Millennium Development Goals Report -...

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2009 UN MDGs Report The report’s Overview talks about the impact of the current economic  crises -progress on some goals stalled or even reversed -2008’s high food prices reversed positive trends in hunger -Children bearing the brunt of the burden -economic necessity will increase pressures placed on the global environment The successes so far: -enrollment in primary education is at 88% in 2007, compared to 83%  In 2000. -Deaths for children under 5 has decreased, due to innovations like Insecticide-treated bed nets [a previous major killer of kids] -global rate of 97% reduction in consumption of materials that deplete The earth’s ozone layer Areas we need to work on: -providing employment for everyone, particularly women -war against hunger, especially for our children -we have to reduce maternal mortality -sanitation must be improved, especially for global health reasons -Urban poor conditions must be improved -we must act in a more forceful and unified way to preserve the  natural  Resource base GOAL 1: ERADICATE EXREME POVERTY AND HUNGER Overall poverty rates will still fall in 2009, but at a slower pace than  before the economic downturn. -Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia account for 21% and 10% of  the  Extreme poverty ratio in 2005. Globally, the target of reducing poverty by half by 2015 seems likely to  be achieved -some regions will fall short
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-likely that 1 billion people will still remain in poverty by 2015. Target: Achieve full, productive employment for all, including women  and young people. -prospects darken for the working poor -Sub-Saharan Africa actually had an increase in the number of  employed people living on $1.25 a day in 2005. -the economic turmoil pushes millions of people into vulnerable Employment [unpaid workers or family businesses] Conflict breeds poverty: people are forced to leave their homes and then  they have no jobs, so they fall into poverty. Labor productivity has remained low in developing regions: a bad sign for  future job-creation -with limited increases in productivity, economy sees little increases  in wages, and no additional potential to create new jobs A decrease in international food prices fails to translate into more  affordable food at local markets -we need to increase the availability of food, address food prices
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This note was uploaded on 10/09/2010 for the course INTD 200 taught by Professor .. during the Fall '09 term at McGill.

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1 - The Millennium Development Goals Report -...

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