chap 7 - reading group

chap 7 - reading group - Chapter 7 The end of Developmental...

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Chapter 7 The end of Developmental states Today neo classical reforms have spawned consitituencies who support such policies (independent professionals, small business people) But refoms created opposition (active and organised), for whom state-led model looks more like an attractive alternative. But the question is if it is realistic ? Not very it would seem. Those governments in most need of dev. response’s to Neo-classical approach is least promising. It is doubtful that more than a handful of states can implement State-led approach. Those Governments lack an essential feature of Dev. States : Strength/Hardness (in Contemporary Jargon) They need to be strong as in separate from society to be able to implement such policies. It is commonly believed that 3rd world states in having to thrust painful policies on their people must be authoritarian or somehow seperate from society. -Need to ignore or repress population. However, closer examination of dev. states reveals that their strength is less from crude power but more from marriage between technocratic states and a well organized indigenous capitalist class. It seems that the economic and political weaknesses of indigenous capitalists in much of 3rd wld. preclude dev. states from emerging in many more countries at this time. Africa in particular. The african dev. debate concerns itself less with building dev. states than with reforming existing states. Even when local conditions favor the emergence of dev. states, international conditions make use of infant industry model far more difficult than it was for those that used it in postwar period. The crisis of the state in africa
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If a state wants to implement IIM it must have authority, need to be strong, effective, able to make it’s presence felt everywhere in the country. Must have ressources (trained personnel/ support staff) Imposed itself on private sector Office and communications equipment. Transportation and information enforcing law, regulating business and personal transaction Skeptics doubt that dev. can be a good idea since conditions are such as: State in crisis or near collapse civil war government’s writ ends at the capital city’s limit, beyond lies a netherworld fought over by competing war lords African bureaucracies is understaffed, poorly paid, under qualified, working with inefficient resources and outdated equipment. etc. . The state can’t keep up with rapidly growing cities need (proper sanitation, policing, schools, transportation, electricity, water supply). Can even do less for rural areas (which provides most of it’s revenue) Add corruption and abuse of power that it is so widespread that citizens regard the state with suspicion and hostility. Citizens then do what they can to avoid the states (evade taxes for example) or
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chap 7 - reading group - Chapter 7 The end of Developmental...

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