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ENVR 203 - readings for 28th

ENVR 203 - readings for 28th - E NVR 203 1 The Politics of...

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ENVR 203 1 The Politics of The Earth – Environmental Discourses - John S. Dryzek Making Sense of Earth’s Politics: A Discourse Approach The Changing terms of environmental politics - Growing issues Early concerns: pollution, wilderness preservation, population growth, depletion of natural resources. Overtime supplemented by: energy supply, animal rights, species extinction, global climate change, depletion of the ozone layer in the upper atmosphere, toxic wastes, protection of whole ecosystems, environmental justice, food safety, genetically modified organisms. All these issues are interlaced with a range of moral and aesthetic questions about human livelihood, public attitudes, and our proper relation to other entities on the planet - Debates have changed over time about Environmental area: Ex. Marshy lands were once called swamps people drained them so the land could be used in a useful way. Governments subsidized landowners to drain swamps. Today, it’s called wetlands and governments enacted legislation to protect the values of the habitat of wildlife. 19 th C.: European colonization moved westwards in North America: US gov’t provided all kinds of incentives to tame the frontier. Today, it is called wilderness and it is treasured and protected In Australia and New Zealand, European colonization introduced new species of plants etc. Now gov’t of these countries recognizes the threat that these species impose on ecosystem and try to save the native plants and animals etc. Whale: whales are regarded as sources of food and other useful products such as oil and baleen whales have right to exist and flourish free from human interference, so policies of most nations on the whaling issue are imposed People: population is an idea in development no more than 200 years old. Population as an aggregate is something to be controlled and managed What is the environment? The environment did not exist as a concept anywhere until the 60s. Today, most countries have environmental legislation and government departments with environmental missions, and environmental problems are at the forefront of public attention Wilderness: consists of land that remains untouched by human extractive activity. Indigenous peoples who have long populated such areas, and in many cases shaped the landscape Earth: received widespread attention since the late 60s. - Environment can change quite dramatically over time. - The consequences for politics and policies on environmental issues are major
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ENVR 203 2 - Most basic consequence is that we now have a politics of the earth. Importance things that happen to it are the subject of politics - Environmental enlightenment just a matter of humanity becoming more sensitive or aware as time goes on, and escaping from past misconceptions and ignorance - Some people deny that environmental issues matter at all so this creates environmental conflicts Citizen activists have mobilized in protest against toxic pollutants,
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