Chapter 1 What is Criminal Justice

Chapter 1 What is - Chapter 1 What is Criminal Justice I A Brief History of Crime A Crime is a constant in America 1 US suffered a large crime wave

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Chapter 1 – What is Criminal Justice I A Brief History of Crime A Crime is a constant in America 1 US suffered a large crime wave between 1850-1880 a The reasons are unclear 2 Another ran between 1920-1940 a Perhaps related to Prohibition and World War I 3 Modern Crime Wave a US experienced an explosion of crime after 1960 b Explanations vary 1) Expanding civil rights movement 2) Changing society 3) Better tracking of crime 4) Rise of illegal drugs B Individual Rights 1 These are the rights guaranteed to US citizens a Based in the US constitution 1) Particularly the Bill of Rights a) First 10 amendments to the US Constitution 2 During the crime boom 1960-1980s a Many communities suffered social disorganization b A ‘traditional’ get tough approach to crime was taken 3 However at times the police seemed to abuse power a Waco Texas raid on Branch Davidian compound b The FBI killings at Ruby Ridge 4 Still an emphasis on Individual responsibility was evident a Along with public perception that criminals were not being punished - Independent thought – your book here is not simply presenting a set of facts. You must ask yourself some questions such as: - Was there more crime or more crime reported? - Was the type of crime different? - Is detection of crime, reporting of crime and defining crime important here? - How does the idea of perception and the reality of crime differ? C The 1990s 1 Domestic events also shaped criminal realities in 1990s 1
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2 Domestic Terrorist bombed the Oklahoma City Federal building 3 The Columbine High School Shootings E Conservative Reaction 1 A majority of the voting public embraced some of the conservative opinions on how to deal with crime a Longer sentences b More prisons c Harsher conditions in prison F The 9/11 Attacks 1 Provided the rational for a shift to proactive law enforcement 2 Passage of the USA Patriot Act of 2001 a Vastly increasing power of Law enforcement b Aimed at terrorism, but used for all law enforcement G Rise of White Collar Crime 1 As serious a problem emerged with white collar crime a As a wave of corporate scandals rocked the US
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This note was uploaded on 10/09/2010 for the course BUSINESS L 289494 taught by Professor Chapman during the Fall '10 term at Wake Tech.

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Chapter 1 What is - Chapter 1 What is Criminal Justice I A Brief History of Crime A Crime is a constant in America 1 US suffered a large crime wave

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