Chapter 2 The Crime Picture

Chapter 2 The Crime Picture - Chapter 2 The Crime Picture...

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Chapter 2 The Crime Picture Revised 2010 I Introduction A America is Fascinated with Crime 1 Many of our TV shows are police/crime dramas 2 Also there is reality TV and movies B Crime Data and Social Policy 1 Good decisions are based on good data a So finding out about crime is critical b It allows a tailored response to crime 2 But there are problems with data 3 Also the PERCEPTION of crime can be more important than the reality a It often depends on what the public believes C The Collection of Crime Data 1 Basically just two major options a Uniform Crime Reports – prepared by FBI b National Crime Victimization Survey 1) By Bureau of Justice Statistics 2 Recently some private efforts a From the Police Executive Research Forum 1) Similar to UCR II The Uniform Crime Report/NIBRS Program A Basics 1 The UCR History a Created in 1930 to track crime 2 Scope a Covers 95% of population and 17,000 agencies b All file a report to FBI who prepares report 3 What is reported a Number of person’s arrested b Number of crimes reported c Number of officers employed 4 Presenting the Data a Shows a crime rate (per 100,000 in population) b Shows the percentage change from last year c Shows total aggregate number of crimes B The Crime Index 1 Report is broken down into two major classifications a Part I Index Crimes b Serious offenses c Listing 1) Homicide 2) Forcible Rape 3) Robbery 1
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4) Aggravated Assault 5) Burglary 6) Major Larceny 7) Motor Vehicle Theft 8) Arson d Part II Offenses are the less serious crimes C The UCR: A flawed Method? 1 Discretionary Distortions a Some possible problems with UCR 1) States can use different definitions of what is each crime 2) Not all crimes are reported 3) Agencies have motivations to lie about data - The perception of crime is often more important than the true rate. How many people outside the criminal justice field know that crime is nearing a 20 – 30 year low? -
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This note was uploaded on 10/09/2010 for the course BUSINESS L 289494 taught by Professor Chapman during the Fall '10 term at Wake Tech.

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Chapter 2 The Crime Picture - Chapter 2 The Crime Picture...

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