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Chapter 6 Policing Purpose and Organization

Chapter 6 Policing Purpose and Organization - Chapter 6...

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Chapter 6 Policing: Purposes and Organization Revised Summer 2010 I The Police Mission A The Enforce the Law 1 Ideally the police insure no law is broken 2 Deterrence is the prevention of crime it is the Ideal before it happens 3 But should every law be enforced every time? a What is the role of discretion? B Apprehending Offenders 1 Must catch those who break the law 2 But how do you allocate resources? What is the Priority? C Predicting Crime 1 Need to understand when and where crime will Occur to prevent it in the future D Keep the Peace 1 Maintain civil order without routine resort to force 2 May mean dealing with quality of life offenses a Which may seem minor E Providing Incidental Services 1 Offering wider range of services to combat other social problems 2 Valuable if other problems impact crime II Operational Strategies A Preventive Patrol 1 By presence prevent crime and reassure public B Response 1 Routine if minor 2 Emergency if can help victim or catch criminal C Criminal Investigation 1 Determining who committed crime 2 Critical is Solvability factor D Problem Solving 1 Identify problems 2 Find resources 3 Solve problem 4 Review E SARA problem Solvi0ng 1 First you must identify what is the problem 2 Then can the police solve it 3 Can the problem itself be solved 4 What are the long and short term solutions 1
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5 SARA a Scanning – what is the problem? b Analysis – what causes it? c Response – how to deal with it? d Assessment – did the solution work? III Managing Police Departments A The Structure of Police Departments 1 Most use a Military Model Chain of Command a Strong lines of command b Delegation of authority c In theory accountability d Great deal of discipline and control 2 Often have written guidelines for behavior a Often for things like arrest procedure b Or hot pursuit 3 Frequently larger departments have specialization a Smaller units that concentrate on types of crimes or given areas 4 Criticism a Very bureaucratic – too many rules b Limits on personal ingenuity c Limits on contact with community d Limits on contacts inside department B Striving for Efficiency 1 Response time a Had been the universal measure b Lower response time in theory could reduce crime 2 Problems a Lapses between crime and reporting b Internal lag in time call is logged and dispatch 3 Differential Response a Responding rapidly to those crimes were time is critical b Could lead to better allocation of resources C Arrest Rates 1 Measure on number or arrests 2 Alternatives are clearance rates 3 Or actual number of crimes committed D Citizen Satisfaction 1 More a ‘popularity’ of police E Different Styles
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Chapter 6 Policing Purpose and Organization - Chapter 6...

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