Chapter 15 Juvenile Justice

Chapter 15 Juvenile Justice - Chapter 15 Juvenile Justice...

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Chapter 15 – Juvenile Justice Revised Summer 2010 I Introduction A Juvenile Crime 1 Most chronic juvenile delinquents (JDs) start before age 12 a Very young offenders are called child delinquents 2 About 17% of all arrests are of juveniles a Up 35% in the last decade B Four Purposes 1 Describe the Juvenile CJ System (JCJ) 2 Compare the JCJ system to the adult system 3 Describe different agencies inside the system 4 Critical issues facing the JCJ II Juvenile Justice though out History A Earliest Times 1 Traditionally Juveniles simply treated as adults a Delinquency – action by a Juvenile that violated the criminal law 2 Parens Patriae a Legal doctrine b The State may assume the powers of the father in dealing with young offenders c Under Patria Postestas the father had near absolute control over young family (and wife) 1) Could kill disobedient child 2) Could starve to death unchaste daughter B Juveniles in Early America 1 Again the family law gave father near universal power 2 Could bring disobedient children to court for execution 3 Only with the coming of the Age of Enlightenment did things start to change a Enlightenment (early 1700s to early 1800s) b Emphasis on reason C The Instructional Era 1 The House of Refuge a Started in New York City in 1824 b First real dedicated institution for JDs c Supposed to shelter and care for troubled children 1) Particularly boys 2) Often who had committed petty crimes or were abandoned 1
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d Soon copied by other US cities e Supported legally by case of Ex Parte Crouse 1) Supported a legal basis for taking custody of JDs 2)This is a unique authority and is OUTSIDE the regular Criminal Justice system 2 The Chicago Reform School a Around the 1850s a vast social movement in the US called the progressive movement started 1) Part of this was the ‘child savers’ 2) Wanted to intervene in trouble JD lives
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Chapter 15 Juvenile Justice - Chapter 15 Juvenile Justice...

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