Chapter 16 Drugs and Crime

Chapter 16 Drugs and Crime - 1 Chapter 16 Drugs and Crime...

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Chapter 16 Drugs and Crime Revises Summer 2010 I Drugs Defined A What is a Drug 1 Any substance that modified biological, psychological or social behavior 2 A Psychoactive Drug a Affect the brain and alter consciousness or perception B Types of Psychoactive 1 Opiates a Come from the seed pod of opium poppy 1) The sap dries and forms a resin called opium b Can be eaten, smoked, sniffed or injected c Major derivatives 1) Morphine a) Widely used in Civil war become the ‘soldier’s disease 2) Codeine 3) Heroin (2 or 3 times stronger than morphine) 2 Stimulants a Act on central nervous or peripheral nervous system b Types 1) Cocaine from the leaf of the coca plant a) Have to soak it in water, potassium carbonate, and petroleum (like kerosene) b) Freebasing – drug is vaporized and inhaled c) Crack – cheaper method of freebasing 2) Amphetamines a) Taken in pills typically b) Popular in WWII with soldiers 3) Caffeine 4) Nicotine 3 Marijuana a From the cannabis plant b Active ingredient is Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) c Most widely used illegal drug, typically smoked 4 Hallucinogens a Substance that intensify sensory perception and/or cause hallucinations b Most commonly LSD 1) Also PCP (phencyclidine) 2) Psilocybin (from mushrooms) c Also new designer drugs 1
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1) Ecstasy 2) GHB 3) Foxy Methoxy 5 Sedative a Induce sleep by depressing brain function b Barbiturates c Now mainly use Benzodiazepines 1) Valium 2) Xanax 5 Alcohol a Taken routinely by 2/3 of adults b Both a stimulant and depressant 1) Initial euphoria before acting as depressant C Illicit and Licit Drugs 1 Defined a Licit are legal drugs – nicotine, alcohol, and caffeine b Illicit are illegal drugs 2 Distinguishing between the two a For every illicit addict there are 2 addicted to legal drugs b NOT necessarily what is most addictive a Nicotine is MORE addictive than heroin c NOT necessarily what is most dangerous a Marijuana has NEVER killed an individual by overdose b Alcohol kills 4 by accident every day 3 Society and the Law a Mala in Se versus mala prohibita 1) Mala in se are acts illegal because they are inherently evil 2) Mala prohibita are acts illegal by decision of the society b Federal Law 1) Controlled Substance Act a) Part of Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 2) Created five categories (Schedules) of Drugs 3) Banned manufacture, sale, distribution, possession or consumption D Drug Use and Social Awareness a Six elements have emerged to change perception of drug use 1) Addiction is a physical condition not just willpower 2) Drug use is associated with other types of crime 2
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3) Social comdemnation is a waste of time and resources 4) Need for comprehensive and detailed federal and state laws regulating use or availability of drugs 5) Large numbers (perhaps growing) in cities, the poor and disenfranchise use drugs 6) Drug abuse is more a law enforcement issue rather than medical II A History of Drug Abuse in America A Early History 1 Little regulation of drug use
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This note was uploaded on 10/09/2010 for the course BUSINESS L 289494 taught by Professor Chapman during the Fall '10 term at Wake Tech.

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Chapter 16 Drugs and Crime - 1 Chapter 16 Drugs and Crime...

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