int-ch-10-new-testament-letters

int-ch-10-new-testament-letters - forgery E.g., Paul and...

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Ancient snail mail New Testament Letters
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On clay tablets, pottery shards, papyrus pages n By amanuensis , or professional secretary Direct dictation Delegate a portion of the letter n With co-senders n Through letter carriers Represent author to receivers Read letter aloud Interpret author’s wishes and instructions Writing Letters
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Salutation or Greeting Thanksgiving Body Closing n Ancient letters averaged 90 words n Philosophers’ letters averaged 295 words n Paul averaged about 1,300 words n Letter to the Romans, over 7,000 Letter Structure
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Various levels of authorship Direct, literal, pen in hand and dictated (1 & 2) Delegated to authorized disciple (3) Written to honor the original leader (6) Forgery (7) n Early church rejected intentional
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Unformatted text preview: forgery E.g., Paul and Thecla Authenticity and Pseudepigrapha Is letter intrinsically possible? n Is church tradition reliable? n Are language and style consistent? n Is theology consistent? n Are there historical anachronisms? n Any biographical discrepancies? n Some scholars argue on the basis of individual criteria, others argue on sum of criteria Pseudepigraphic Criteria Authorship is inevitably linked to date of composition and local situations Changing authenticity level of authorship requires adjusting time and place of writing n Scholars seek to construct a history of early Christianity and a biography of Paul When level of authenticity changes, the available evidence for biographical reconstruction changes So What?...
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int-ch-10-new-testament-letters - forgery E.g., Paul and...

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