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Unformatted text preview: 6 References and Citations When developing the project proposal, you should refresh your knowledge of how to identify appropriate literature and how to use citations. 6.1 Appropriate References A reference is a description that identifies an information source. For example, the following reference describes a (fictional) journal article written by K. Anderson: Anderson, K. (2008). The Untold Story of Computer Science. International Journal of Computer Science , 2(1), 2335. 1 By properly referencing the material your work is based upon, you achieve several things. You: Show how your work extends the current state-of-the-art knowledge in the area Show the originality of your work Give credit to other peoples work (and thereby avoid being accused of plagiarism) Support and validate arguments made in your report (any claim made in the report must be supported either by your own research or by citing results pub- lished by other people) Show that you are familiar with the work done in the area By simply looking at your reference list, an experienced reader or reviewer will see whether you have used references from well known sources, or sources that are not of such good quality. Furthermore, you can strengthen your arguments in the report if you base them on well known references which have been published in high- quality scientific journals, or in proceedings from renowned conferences. Another reason why references are needed is to make your work reproducible. Anyone who reads your report should be able to reproduce your work, and therefore 1 Details concerning the information (e.g., volume number, page number) contained in the refer- ence are given in Chapter 14.6. 37 M. Berndtsson et al. (eds.), Planning and Implementing your Computing Project - with Success! Springer 2008 38 6 References and Citations all sources you have used must be clearly identified. This is especially important if your work is an extension of an existing solution, method or theory. If the reader cannot find the literature containing the original work, then they cannot verify that your extension is based on a correct interpretation of the original solution, method or theory. A reference is judged to be appropriate for your work, depending on its content and its type. You can check the relevance of a references content by considering removing the reference from your text. If you cannot remove the reference without losing essential information then the reference should be kept, otherwise it can be removed. There are different types of documents that you can use as references: Scientific research journals typically publish high quality articles. These articles are written by experts in the field for other experts, which may make them diffi- cult to understand for non-experts. In many cases one or more conference and workshop articles precede the journal article. Consequently, the work reported in the journal may be of high quality, but the research findings may have become...
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- Spring '09