8_Medicalization - A Multi-Dimensional Concept - Ballard and Elston

8_Medicalization - A Multi-Dimensional Concept - Ballard and Elston

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UNPICKING THE PROCESS OF MEDICALISATION – AND ITS CONVERSE? That medicalisation might not follow a unilinear and simple course was, in fact, clearly flagged in some of the early sociological literature, although not always taken up at the time. For example, in response to their early critics, Conrad and Schneider (1980b) suggested that there are three levels to medicalisation; (1) the conceptual level, where medical language is used to define the problem; (2) the institutional level, where medical collaboration with other authorities is used to gain legitimacy over management of the problem; and (3) the level of interaction between the doctor and the patient, where the problem is defined as ‘medical’ and medical treatment is administered (Conrad and Schneider, 1980b). Later, Lowenberg and Davis (1994, p. 582) have suggested that the three corollaries of medicalisation cited above (extending the medical model to new areas; absolution of sufferers from moral responsibility and management by qualified professionals) should
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This note was uploaded on 10/10/2010 for the course ENG 000121 taught by Professor Mcgrand during the Spring '10 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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