1004.Chap5 - Chapter 5: Deviance and crime Deviance The...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 5: Deviance and crime Deviance The Popular Dichotomy 2 kinds of people Deviant commit deviant acts Non deviant do not commit deviant acts 2 kinds of acts Deviant Non deviant The Social Relativity of Deviance 1. Society 2. Time 3. Space 4. Social status Almost Everyone Breaks the Law at One Time or Another Survey of 1,000 Men in NYC 49 Offenses Max. Sentence = 1 yr. Gambling 74% Assault 49% Burglary 17% Robbery 11% Negative Consequences of Deviance 1. Undermines trust assume others will obey laws 2. Produces tension & conflict ex. People are afraid to go out at night 3. Diverts social resources spend money in criminal justice Functions of Deviance 1. Re-affirm commitment reacting to deviance can reaffirm commitment to norms and values of society 2. Promotes social unity provoke collective outrage 3. Safety valve 4. Promotes social change draws attention Mechanisms of Social Control Formal social control Enforcement of conformity to norms by sanctions applied by formal agencies (criminal justice system) Sanctions rewards for behaviors Total Crimes Committed 100% Reported to Police 36% 8% 5% 1% Arrested Convicted Imprisoned The Criminal Justice Funnel Mechanisms of Social Control Formal social control Enforcement of conformity to norms by sanctions applied by formal agencies Informal social control Enforcement of conformity to norms by sanctions applied by ordinary associates Socialization Internalization Theories of Deviance Anomie theory Structural strain Mertons Theory: Cultural Goals and Institutionalized Means Accept Means Reject Means Accept Goals Reject Goals Conformists (no deviance) Innovators Ritualists Retreatists Rebels Theories of Deviance Anomie theory Structural strain Cultural transmission Differential association Control theory Control Theories-Conformity is Problematic An Individual Conforms Because of Bonds (commitment) to Society...
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This note was uploaded on 10/10/2010 for the course SOC 1004 taught by Professor Mdhughes during the Fall '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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1004.Chap5 - Chapter 5: Deviance and crime Deviance The...

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