Sociology Exam 2

Sociology Exam 2 - Sociology Exam 2: Chapter 4: Group two...

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Sociology Exam 2: Chapter 4: Group – two or more people who are bound together in a stable pattern of social interaction and who share a feeling of unity. NOT tangible but products of ideas Group Relationships: Relationship – when an association continues long enough for two people to become linked together by a relatively stable set of expectations Expressive ties - social links formed when we emotionally invest ourselves in and commit ourselves to other people Instrumental ties - social links formed when we cooperate with other people to achieve some goal Primary Groups and Secondary Groups: Primary group – a small group characterized by intimate informal interaction Secondary group – entails two or more people who are involved in an impersonal relationship and have come together for a specific practical purpose In-Groups and Out-Groups: In-group – a group with which we identify and to which we belong (“we groups”) Provide us with our social identities Out-group – a group with which we do not identify and to which we do not belong Reference Groups Reference group – social units we use for appraising and shaping attitudes, feelings and actions (provide normative and comparative functions)(reference these groups when deciding attitudes) Relative deprivation – discontent associated with the gap between what we have and what we believe we should have Group Dynamics Group size: Dyads – Two people groups Triad – three people groups 5 is usually the best size group Leadership : Instrumental leader (task specialist) – devoted to appraising the problem at hand and organizing people’s activity to deal with it Expressive leader (socioemotional specialist)– focuses on overcoming inter-personal problems in the group, defusing tension and promoting solidarity Authoritarian style – leader makes unilateral decision Democratic style – the leader allowed the boys to help make decisions Laissez-faire style – leader adopted passive, uninvolved stance Social loafing: Social loafing – when individuals work in groups, they work less hard Social dilemmas – situations in which members of a group are faced with a conflict between maximizing their personal interests and maximizing the collective welfare Groupthink: Groupthink – a decision making process found in highly cohesive groups in which the members become so preoccupied with maintaining consensus that their critical faculties are impaired
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This note was uploaded on 10/10/2010 for the course SOC 1004 taught by Professor Mdhughes during the Fall '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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Sociology Exam 2 - Sociology Exam 2: Chapter 4: Group two...

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