1004.Chap7 - Chapter 7, Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 7, Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity The U.S.: A Nation of Immigrants U.S. citizens trace their ancestors to many different nations. A melting pot? Not homogenous A salad? yes A stew? Ethnic groups Ethnic groups are identified based on cultural characteristics e.g., language, religion, national origin Racial groups A racial group is a category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that are defined as socially significant. Not scientifically valid, but socially significant. Socially defined Minority groups A category of people who, because of their physical or cultural characteristics, are singled out from others in the society in which they live for differential and unequal treatment. Recognize that they are a part of a minority group but membership is not voluntary Marry within their own group endogamy Minority groups Experience discrimination, segregation, oppression, or persecution. Group members have a consciousness of one-ness, a sense of identity. Membership generally is not voluntary. Members usually marry within their own group (endogamy). This may be imposed by the dominant group. Hate crimes A criminal offense committed against a person, property, or society which is motivated, in whole or in part, by the offenders bias against a race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or ethnicity/national origin. Motivations for hate crimes 52% race 19% religion 15% sexual orientation 13% ethnicity/nationality 1% disability An American Dilemma , Gunnar Myrdal, 1944 Jim Crow laws Laws that required different treatment of individuals based on racial differences What was: Plessy v. Ferguson?...
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1004.Chap7 - Chapter 7, Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity...

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