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all slides for Exam 3 soc - 10/11/10 Chapter 7, I...

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Unformatted text preview: 10/11/10 Chapter 7, I nequalities of 10/11/10 The U.S.: A Nation of U.S. citizens trace their ancestors to many different nations. A melting pot? Not homogenous A salad? yes A stew? 10/11/10 Ethnic gr oups Ethnic groups are identified based on cultural characteristics e.g., language, religion, national origin 10/11/10 Racial gr oups A racial group is a category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that are defined as socially significant. Not scientifically valid, but socially significant. Socially defined 10/11/10 M inor ity gr oups A category of people who, because of their physical or cultural characteristics, are singled out from others in the society in which they live for differential and unequal treatment. Recognize that they are a part of a minority group but membership is not voluntary 10/11/10 M inor ity gr oups Experience discrimination, segregation, oppression, or persecution. Group members have a consciousness of one-ness, a sense of identity. Membership generally is not voluntary. Members usually marry within their 10/11/10 H ate cr imes A criminal offense committed against a person, property, or society which is motivated, in whole or in part, by the offenders bias against a race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or ethnicity/national origin. 10/11/10 M otivations for hate cr imes 52% race 19% religion 15% sexual orientation 13% ethnicity/nationality 1% disability 10/11/10 An Amer ican Dilemma , 10/11/10 Jim Cr ow laws Laws that required different treatment of individuals based on racial differences 10/11/10 What was: Plessy v. Ferguson? Brown v. Board of Education? Massive resistance? 10/11/10 Massive resistance Governor vowed to resist Brown v Board of Education VA legislature facilitated the closing of public schools January 19, 1959: 2 cases in VA affirming that VA had to follow Brown Massive resistance continued in Prince Edward County (Farmville) 10/11/10 Desegr egation and In the South In 1964, 2% in majority white In 1988, 44% in majority white In 2000, 31% in majority Nationally, 1989-90, 31% of average black students classmates were white 1999-2000, dropped to 10/11/10 Civil rights legislation Civil Rights Act, 1964 Voting Rights Act, 1965 Fair Housing Act, 1968 10/11/10 True Colors 10/11/10 Blacks and Ex-Cons Need Not Devah Pager, 2001 (2003) How race and criminal record affect employers responses toward job applicants Audit study 10/11/10 Percent of job applicants called back Black White C r I m i n a l R e c o r d Yes No 5 17 14 34 Number of Applications 200 150 10/11/10 Racial discr imination in 5000 fake resumes sent to 1300 employers Half with stereotypically black names, half with stereotypically white names White name: Call back on 1 in 10 Black name: Call back on 1 in 15 10/11/10...
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all slides for Exam 3 soc - 10/11/10 Chapter 7, I...

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