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all slides for Exam 3 soc - Chapter 7 I nequalities of The...

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Unformatted text preview: 10/11/10 Chapter 7, I nequalities of 10/11/10 The U.S.: A Nation of • U.S. citizens trace their ancestors to many different nations. • A melting pot? Not homogenous • A salad? yes • A stew? 10/11/10 Ethnic gr oups • Ethnic groups are identified based on cultural characteristics – e.g., language, religion, national origin 10/11/10 Racial gr oups • A racial group is a category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that are defined as socially significant. • Not scientifically valid, but socially significant. – Socially defined 10/11/10 M inor ity gr oups • A category of people who, because of their physical or cultural characteristics, are singled out from others in the society in which they live for differential and unequal treatment. – Recognize that they are a part of a minority group but membership is not voluntary 10/11/10 M inor ity gr oups • Experience discrimination, segregation, oppression, or persecution. • Group members have a consciousness of one-ness, a sense of identity. • Membership generally is not voluntary. • Members usually marry within their 10/11/10 H ate cr imes • A criminal offense committed against a person, property, or society which is motivated, in whole or in part, by the offender’s bias against a race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or ethnicity/national origin.” 10/11/10 M otivations for hate cr imes • 52% race • 19% religion • 15% sexual orientation • 13% ethnicity/nationality • 1% disability 10/11/10 An Amer ican Dilemma , 10/11/10 Jim Cr ow laws • Laws that required different treatment of individuals based on racial differences 10/11/10 What was: • Plessy v. Ferguson? • Brown v. Board of Education? • “Massive resistance”? 10/11/10 Massive resistance • Governor vowed to resist Brown v Board of Education • VA legislature facilitated the closing of public schools • January 19, 1959: 2 cases in VA affirming that VA had to follow “Brown” • Massive resistance continued in Prince Edward County (Farmville) 10/11/10 Desegr egation and • In the South • In 1964, 2% in majority white • In 1988, 44% in majority white • In 2000, 31% in majority • Nationally, • 1989-90, 31% of average black student’s classmates were white • 1999-2000, dropped to 10/11/10 Civil rights legislation • Civil Rights Act, 1964 • Voting Rights Act, 1965 • Fair Housing Act, 1968 10/11/10 “True Colors” 10/11/10 “Blacks and Ex-Cons Need Not • Devah Pager, 2001 (2003) • How race and criminal record affect employers’ responses toward job applicants • Audit study 10/11/10 Percent of job applicants called back Black White C r I m i n a l R e c o r d Yes No 5 17 14 34 Number of Applications 200 150 10/11/10 Racial discr imination in • 5000 fake resumes sent to 1300 employers • Half with “stereotypically black names”, half with “stereotypically white names” • White name: Call back on 1 in 10 • Black name: Call back on 1 in 15 10/11/10...
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