mmw3 - lecture note 2-5

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lecture Two—Early Rome: From Republic to Empire Key Questions: 1. 1) What factors led to the political transitions in early Roman history? 2. 2) What persistent social and political tensions plagued the Roman republic? ** Key political shift (monarch -> republic-> empire) I) Historical Origins of Rome a) Livy’s Conflation of Myth and History (Livy; The early history of Rome) i) Written around 26 BCE at the very beginning of Augustus’s reign * Ideological agenda of Livy’s History: * in bloody civil war * established national mythology: for Roman empire destiny *use mythology to reinforce political agenda * roman expansion is by divine will *miraculous moment ii) A national mythology fit for Rome’s imperial destiny 1. (1) Ancestry to Aeneas 2. (2) Appearance of Romulus after he is killed by some nobles 3. (3) The doors of the Temple of Janus *At peace(if door is close – pause of expansion) or at war/expansion (if door is open) *Door closed only twice; most part Rome’s history was tied to expansion b) Rome’s Tainted Beginnings – Rome’s Etruscan Legacy *origin of rome is not always noble; Another story ; Livy bring that out but no credibility i) Story of Romulus and Remus * Their mom is raped rather than gods will ; to abandon Romulus & Remus *she wolf = nickname of common prostitute(raised by prostitute) ii) Ancestry of vagabonds * first Romulus found the Rome; family was not aristocrats… but first 100 showed up were the founding father(most were vagabonds= had no home/no root/ no women) iii) The Treachery against neighbors 1. (1) Purge(e±±± ) of nobles in Gabii * Rome wanted to take over neighbor * sent his son( Sextus Tarquinius ) & earned trust & sent messenger to father & couldn’t trust messenger & iv) The Excesses of Kingship 2. (1) Livy’s assessment of Tarquin, Rome’s last Etruscan king 3. (a) Temple of Jupiter * Site chosen for the temple: found unusual thing(head of a person- all the feature were intacted) – sign * end up very important 4. (b) Creation of the office of Pontifex(=pope) * perceive Christianity * important to building state religion; Rome already had structure
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/10/2010 for the course MMW 685308 taught by Professor Chang during the Spring '10 term at UCSD.

Page1 / 13

mmw3 - lecture note 2-5

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online