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Chapter 1 Vocabulary - Chapter 1 Vocabulary 1 Adipose...

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Chapter 1 Vocabulary 1. Adipose tissue- A group of fat storing cells. 2. Alcohol- Ethyl alcohol or ethanol is the compound is the compound in alcoholic beverages. 3. Amino Acid- The building block for proteins containing central carbon atom with nitrogen and other atoms attached. 4. Appetite- The primarily psychological influences that encourage us to find and eat food, often in the absence of obvious hunger. 5. Atom- Smallest combining unit of element, such as iron or calcium. Atoms consist of protons, neutrons, and electrons. 6. Bond- A linkage between two atoms formed the sharing of electrons, or attractions. 7. Cancer- A condition characterized by uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells. 8. Carbohydrate- A compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. Most are known as sugars, starches, and fibers. 9. Cardiovascular disease- A general term that refers to any disease of the heart and circulatory system. This disease is generally characterized by the deposition of fatty material in the blood vessels, which in turn can lead to organ damage and death. 10. Cell- The structural basis of a plant and animal organization. In animals it is bounded by a cell membrane. Cells contain both general material and systems for synthesizing energy-yielding compounds. Cells have the ability to take up compounds from and excrete compounds into their surroundings. 11. Chemical Reaction- An interaction between two chemicals that changes both chemicals. 12.Chlolecystokinin (CCK)- A hormone that participates in enzyme release from the pancreas bile release from the gallbladder, and hunger regulation.
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13. Cholesterol- A waxy lipid found in all body cells. It has a structure containing multiple chemical rings that is found only in foods that contain animal products.
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