APY107 - Primate Introduction

APY107 - Primate Introduction - Growth and development:...

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LIVING PRIMATES
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DIVERSITY OF LIVING  PRIMATES
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…AND SIMILARITIES OF  LIVING PRIMATES
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Original primate adaptive niche was arboreal
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Characteristics of  primates can be either primitive (ancestral)   or   specialized (derived)
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Limbs and locomotion: erect posture generalized limb structure prehensile hands and feet  opposable thumb and big toe nails instead of claws tactile pads on ends of digits hindlimb dominant
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Diet and teeth: lack of dietary specialization  generalized dentition  maximum dental formula 2.1.3.3. 
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Senses and the brain: color vision (diurnal vs. nocturnal primates) stereoscopic vision  forward facing eyes visual info transmitted to both sides of brain decreased olfactory sense expansion and increased complexity of brain
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Unformatted text preview: Growth and development: longer gestation, maturation and life span reduced litter size greater dependence on learned behavior social group living mostly diurnal activity patterns Primate taxonomy (evolutionary tree) Major primate groups: prosimians anthropoids Prosimians: lorises lemurs tarsiers Ring-tailed lemur Zoomafu (Sifaka) Anthropoids monkeys (Old and New World) apes humans New World monkeys callitrichidae cebidae Old World monkeys cercopithecidae Leaf-eating monkeys- Colobines Cheek-pouch monkeys- Cercopithecines Apes lesser apes: gibbons and siamangs great apes: orangutans, gorillas, chimps, and bonobos (hominoids) B R A C I A T I O N Conservation Issues The End...
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This note was uploaded on 10/10/2010 for the course APY 107 taught by Professor Krumrine during the Fall '09 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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APY107 - Primate Introduction - Growth and development:...

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