W3-reasoning errors - Reasoning Errors Reasoning Chapter 6...

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Reasoning Errors Reasoning Errors Chapter 6 Diestler, S. (2009). Diestler, S. (2009). Becoming a critical Becoming a critical thinker thinker . . Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson
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Outline Outline Fallacies can be broken into 2 groups: 1. Inadequate Reasons as Fallacies - reasons that seem logical but don’t really support the conclusion 2. Fallacies that Mislead - statements that distract listeners from the real issue
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Inadequate Reasons as Fallacies Inadequate Reasons as Fallacies Faulty Analogies False Cause Attacking the Person Two Wrongs Make a Right The Slippery Slope Straw Man Hasty Conclusions
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Faulty Analogies Faulty Analogies An inaccurate analogy where the two things being compared are not similar in all significant aspects. E.g. I walked to school every morning as a kid and I never had any problems. E.g. I watched tv shows all my life and I turned out just fine.
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False Cause False Cause Stating that because one event followed another, the first event caused the second event. E.g. I failed the class because the teacher hated me. E.g. The reason our football team lost was because we weren’t playing at home.
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Attacking the Person Attacking the Person A person is attacked on a personal quality
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W3-reasoning errors - Reasoning Errors Reasoning Chapter 6...

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