Unformatted text preview: Arguments by Analogy Arguments
Chapter 3 Weston, A. (2000). A rulebook for Weston, arguments. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett arguments. Hackett Arguments by analogy argue from one specific case or example to another example, reasoning that because the two examples are alike in many ways, they are also alike in one specific further way. way. Consider the Argument Consider
• Sam likes Bach, Beethoven, Brahms and Bruckner. • I know Sally likes Bach, Beethoven and Brahms. She will probably like Bruckner also, so I will buy this CD for her. • Premise 1: Sam likes Bach, Beethoven, Brahms and Bruckner. • Premise 2: Sally likes Bach, Beethoven and Brahms. • Conclusion: Sally will probably like Bruckner also Evaluating Arguments by Analogy Evaluating The example must be relevant and similar. Example: People take their cars for servicing and checkups every year. Therefore people should take similar care of their bodies. What things are being compared here? Is the comparison relevant and similar? Evaluate the Following Arguments by Analogy by Frankenstein is not very smart. The candidate for mayor looks like Frankenstein. Therefore, the candidate for mayor is not very smart. When steam builds up in a steam engine, it needs to be let out. Emotions build in people just like steam builds up in steam engines. Therefore, emotions need to be let out. ...
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- Fall '09
- Logic, Beethoven, Internal combustion engine, Sally likes Bach